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HIST 1080 Sept 20 2011 Lecture Note (F11)

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HIST 1010
Peter Goddard

HIST 1010 Tuesday, September 20, 2011 Exam: Questions where text and slideshows coincide The Renaissance (Ch. 10, Pgs. 281-303) o A northern Italian urban phenomenon, or, the rise and fall of Florence o Cultural movement, departure from medieval modes of expression o Recovery, rediscovery, rebirth of classical heritage of Rome o Characteristic product of changes in way people lived/operated in certain part of world Clicker Questions: The Map o Locate the following: Avignon, Rome, Istanbul I. Cities not Accommodated in “Estates” Model A. Common (third estate) origins of city population B. Social mobility (high adult mortality; ample migration) – highest average mortality (30%+); become a laborer in country side or go to city (economic freedom from countryside) C. Wealth creation (trade; banking) – concentration of money which evolved in time into banking systems financing for trade, financing for movement of goods across space; capitalism; large banking networks Re: Trade – A note on World Trade and “Globalization” o In 1500, most trade was local o Only high value goods – silk; porcelain (from China and Japan – called China today); spices (Medieval people only had salt to preserve their food); precious metals – were carried great distances o Total world long-distance trade in 1500 could be carried by one 21 century cargo ship o Total world trade in 1700 would fill 2.5 o Connections formed through flow of goods o Globalization: interconnectedness of the world Dutch “Flute Ship” o Inexpensive to run o Vulnerable to pirates o Dominated the transfer of goods all over the planet by 1600 II. Ideals of City, Life, and Political Involvement Dated from Classical Times o Believe they are living as the Ancient Romans did o Trade their own decent from the Romans and want to fashion themselves in this way o Latin – restricted to elite at this point o Aristotle gives instruction to Alexander the Great – philosopher giving example to a political figure; In towns like Florence, Milan – even powerful people ascended to popular bodies o Powerful family controls things III. Italian States Reflected Classical Pattern A. (Roman) Republican state system – rule of republic; leaders drawn (not hereditary) B. Equation o
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