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Lecture

HIST 1010 Oct 4 2011 Lecture Note (F11)

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1010
Professor
Peter Goddard
Semester
Fall

Description
HIST 1010 Tuesday, October 4, 2011 Research Paper ** o Presented in more detail in Seminar tomorrow (Wed. Oct 5) o Handed document in seminar (picture, text) – analyze the text o What historical significance it has o 3 Steps: 1) Annotated Bibliography – find at least 5 scholarly secondary sources - Main arguments of each source - Write a short intro – why did you include them 2) Analyze scholarly sources more thoroughly 3) Your interpretation – what you think about all the things you wrote – which argument is the most valid – what you think is the most truthful argument o 26% of final grade o First 2 parts – 40% of assignment, Part 3 – 20% Religious Anxiety circa 1500: How did Worry about God change the World? Efforts to reform Church and Christian practice to 1517 o Before 1517 – skeptical thinking of religion o After 1517 – break down of medieval ideas of harmony/obedience Death Dance – Video o Awareness of death o Pervasiveness of death in traditional society Clicker Q 1 – Questions on midterm more specific Q. Most important factor in 16 -century religious revolution: A. a) Charismatic leadership b) Print technology c) Rise of citie– city life provokes push for change in religious conduct d) Economic crisis The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse – common figure in late medieval art; apocalypse = end of time o Plague, famine, war (conquest) ex. 100 Years War – England vs., strifpressure of plague = social breakdown; brittle social relations o All common to Europeans from 1300+ o Arguably, such conditions produced fear, anxiety, etc. and focused attention on death Significance of Image o Could be mass reproduced through print technology I. In face of widespread dissatisfaction, many called for reform of the Church Q: Is reform a forward-lookingidea or a backward looking idea? A: Bringing something back to its original form/pure and uncontaminated state A. Popes and councils addressed institutional failings Problems in world: people expected the Pope in Rome take charge; Council of Trent (1550’s-60’s) – when finished, it issued a new blue print of how Catholics are to live I A. Continued: Institutional Failings Contemporaries identified the following: things that are wrong with the institutions of the church 1. Simony – the selling of spiritual benefit – people worried about the churches economic power; controlled a lot of land, income, property (= wealth); church buying and selling economic goods; practice of simony (using spiritual things like land of church for economic benefit) – ex. holy water, baptism, confirmation; period of purification shorted and go straight to heaven if they purchase indulgence 2. Pluralism – holding multiple benefices – concerned of leaders
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