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HIST 1010 Oct 11 2011 Lecture Note (F11)

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HIST 1010
Peter Goddard

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HIST 1010 Tuesday, October 11, 2011 Comparing Reformed Churches in the 16 and 17 Centuries th Clicker Q Napoleon (French) is alleged to have remarked that “England has 2 kinds of cheese and 200 kinds of religion. Which we have 2 kinds of religion and 200 kinds of cheese.” Why was the “protestant” movement so prone to splintering? a) Lack of unified leadership b) Inability to fuel consensus on scriptural meaning c) Excessive dependence on cult-like enthusiasm d) Natural tendency of people to drift off in own direction o H. Zwingli in Zurich – “Martin Luther” of Switzerland o Swiss not accustomed to deal with kings, queens – had republic gov. o Reformed movement of John Calvin (Johan Cauvin) – associated with Genevan reformation(French speaking part of Switzerland) o Calvin – born in 16 century; generation younger than Luther/Zwingli; Advantages: could see outcomes reformation produced (inability for people to come to consensus) o Anabaptist: People who refuse infant baptism; only baptize as adult o Munster 1533 – Anabaptists took over this city and established regime of living according to scripture (involved polygamy) o Luther’s reform was followed by reforms in Zurich, Geneva, and throughout Germany; England and Scandinavia followed o The Catholic church also engaged in a profound internal reform, involving new discipline, new religious orders, and missions o Carlo Borromeo (1538-1584), Archbishop of Milan, exemplified the new Catholic commitment to reform within the church, and new discipline and education for the laity – instituted teaching of young children Ignatius Loyola – life parallel to that of Luther; Spanish noblemen; applied military formation to questions of religion o 1491-1556 o Founded the Society of Jesus (1540; known as “Jesuits”) – Jesuits foundational in early French Canada o Dedicated to education and to mission Comparing Reformed Churches Lutheran (German Evangelical Anabaptist (spread Catholic (After 1563, version that spreads into (Calvinist) through Germanic lands gained striking ability to Scandinavia) down Rhine) regain territory) Wittenberg Zurich; Geneva Munster 1533-4 Rome; Milan; Paris Luther Zwingli (Switzerlan;) Jan van Leiden Council of Trent Calvin (Geneva) 1545-63 (institutional bench mark of Catholic Reform); Pope Paul III Appearance o Lutheran: Traditional – lots of art on walls, statue
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