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HIST 1010 Oct 27 2011 Lecture Note (F11)

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University of Guelph
HIST 1010
Peter Goddard

HIST 1010 Thursday, October 27, 2011 17th-Century Monarchs Clicker Question Why was dueling subversive? a) Challenged legal system b) Encouraged violence – if you had dispute with neighbor, should take them to court/sue them c) “Wasted” noble blood – addicted to dueling because every noble who is injured/dead in duel = one less military personnel – waste d) Expropriated King’s power – King makes law; job is to follow rule; absolute monarch; Etates se moi “Estate is me” e) All of the above o France was prototype modern state even thought it contained traditional features (ex. monarchy) The French Case: The Bourbon (set up southern part of NA) lineage: o Henri IV r 1589-1610 - Henri IV’s assassination in May 1610; left infant son (9 years old) the King (Louis XIII); roots in Protestant culture o Louis XIII r 1610-1643 o Louis XIV r1643-1715 – “Sun King”; most glamorous/powerful ruler of 17 century; dominated Europe; remembered his youth and would never allow people to get close to him again; Louisiana named after Louis XIV; absolute monarch I. End civil war (by 1593) A. Declare religious toleration - Edict of Nantes, 1598 – Named after W France city; doctrine of religious toleration; everyone gains rights of worship (but rights are narrowly defined) B. Eliminate separate military forces – Bourbons did not like presence of military force; monarchy concerned with distinguishing separate military power of Protestants o Grace of Alès, 1629 followed siege of La Rochelle, in which Huguenot (Could come from Swish German word Igenot – companion/fellow traveler; or could mean ghost; applied to Protestant minority in Fraindependence was eliminated. - 1628-29 – Kings army surrounded La Rochelle and subjected it to lengthy siege – French monarchy made it clear that no military monarchy could exist o Cardinal Richelieu, architect of the unified French state, seen here at La Rochelle – Powerful minister; Cardinal = high appointment of church; civil servant of King; had idea that all cost state must work to suppress military threats from within; dad had been councilor to King; mother from legal family; became powerful through service to King; coming from humble background and rise up; concentrated power in hands of crowd o Colbert – well known for establishing Quebec II. Centralize authority A. Eliminate Provincial Estates (Had members from 1st-3rd estat(regional assemblies) –Representative government; included representatives from all parts of society – negotiate about taxes B. Suspend “Estates-General” - none after 1614 – No more Estates-General meetings called under Bourbons until 1789 C. Create agents of central control: intendants – sent to various traditional regions of France to represent institutions; weren’t interested in what people have to say – tell you what to do III. Discipline the nobility - No one said King was just like everyone else; widening gap between
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