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HIST 1010 Nov 17 2011 Lecture Note (F11)

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University of Guelph
HIST 1010
Peter Goddard

1 HIST 1010 Thursday, November 17, 2011 Slave trade & Columbian Exchange “We must face the ultimate contradiction that our free and democratic society was made possible by massive slave labor.” – David Brion Davis, Inhuman bondage Professor Henry Louis Gates o Prominent American Scholar o Target of racial profiling o Police vs. Black males in America o Case shows U.S. is still struggling with massive consequences of history Slavery o A person is the chattel (moveableproperty of another person and can be subject to sale and other transfers. o The labour of the slave is obtained through coercion (physical punishment or the threat of such). o “Beyond the limits of family relations” o To separate it from the subordination of women and children in patriarchal societies. Slavery Throughout History o Has existed throughout history o In the Middle Ages: Slaves -> serfs o Slavery replaced by serfdom – person tied to the land, not owned directly by another person Black Death & During the Renaissance: o Serfdom ended in many places o Shortage of labour > demand higher pay > freed from serfdom o Exception: Eastern Europe o Workers demanded high pay; cheapest to get slave o Slavery in Renaissance: household labour; worked as servant, worked in fields (agriculture) o Created slave economies o Peoples of W Africa and W Europe interlinked; Europeans established markets for slave produced sugar, tobacco, coffee, rice, etc. o 1444 – 235 captured Africans sold in S. Portugal o Portugal’s first to enslave people o Brazil, S. America, W Indies > Spain and Portugal enslaved people first Rule, Britannia! 2 “Britannia rule the waves. Britons never never never will be slaves.” o Reference to overseas empire Britt’s were establishing at the time o Enslave others to create dominance overseas o Spanish and Portuguese used Natives as slaves; slaves died of diseases > experienc
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