Class Notes (837,821)
Canada (510,500)
History (1,252)
HIST 1150 (122)

HIST1150 Decolonization Case Studies

3 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 1150
Brian Mc Dougall

HIST1150 February 27th 2013 Case Studies of Decolonization Decolonization in Africa begins late and proceeds rapidly -France granted 1956 Tunisia and -Gold Coast/ Ghana is first in 1957 granted independence -whole string of declarations of independence after this from British and France colonies -"winds of change" speech -British and French recognition that decolonization had to take place -1960 was major year from crumbling French empire -Belgian Congo also liberated -mid 60s most of British Africa is decolonized -Kenya, Uganda, etc -Portugal clung firmly to Angola and Mozambique in the face of international criticism -dictatorship collapses in early 1970s and these territories are granted independence following democracy arriving -Spain also had small colonies that it relinquished -Spanish (Equatorial) Guinea -gaining independence was not the same thing as gaining a long lasting political and economic independence from their colonizers -military and economic ties that some are still ongoing (especially French) -British through the Commonwealth -IMF -Cold War; throughout it, both the Soviet Union and the United States tended to view the "less important" parts of the world as pawns in the game -tried to make ties to make them more powerful -most notably Vietnam, etc, but also Africa Congo -"Scramble for Africa" late 1800s -Belgian King's acquisition of the Congo Free State -used it as a private -known for its brutal treatment of Congolese workers, even back during the time period -confiscated from the King by the Belgian other people -Belgian Congo is what it becomes known as, much larger territory; est. 1908 -extremely wealthy in minerals; zinc, copper, and diamonds -very valuable in economic sense -not interested in granting Congolese anything but a basic education -"civilizing" real desire to do that -history books written for the schools give the local population a very narrow world view -very small percent allowed to work with the whites -African "elites" -treated condescendingly; had no real political power -Congolese National Movement -founded by Patrice Lumumba -his party was the only one that was anti-tribal; truly national and attracted attention of Belgian authorities -increasingly prominent figure -spend most of the 50s in jail -Belgian can't afford to be left out of chatting about decolonization -Belgians sordid role in Congolese independence -early 1960s, Belgium said this would be the date for Congolese independence; this is a short time crunch in less than six months -barely education population with no experience of political governing -conspiracy theory; if they fail to govern, then who steps in but the Belgians again -Lumumba was a western-education, charismatic, nationalist leader who came forward/decolonization -Belgians did not like this man -ally of the United States; US was aware of the huge mineral deposi
More Less

Related notes for HIST 1150

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.