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Lecture 20

[Nov 20] Lecture 20

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University of Guelph
HIST 1250
S Lachapelle

HIST 1250 November 20, 2012 (20) First Wave: Britain - The environmental movement started in the 1960s, a time when many things in the world were changing (space race, Vietnam War, etc.) - First wave started in the 1960s, mostly an intellectual conversation - By the beginning of the 19 century resources are extracted and sold for cheap - Hand-in-hand with the imperialist movement - The impact of contestant resource extraction is discussed first in Great Britain - Almost every river in Bthtain had been used as a dumping ground - At the end of the 19 century many environmental societies are started to protect different areas in Britain from the industrial revolution First Wave: End of WWI - Environmental movements start in Germany as the country is established in 1870 - Germans are very proud to be German, want to protect their land - If rapid industrial growth continues the earth will run out of natural resources - National parks and forests are established to protect certain areas of the US - The new science of ecology is being practiced in Germany - Becomes very popular in the United States - Countries are now looking at what is going on in there colonies and protecting the environment there - Hunting licenses become mandatory as well as killing limits in Britain Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) - Sees the damage done by colonization - Believes there are more than enough resources for all the people on the Earth - Warns using tractors instead of plows will extract all the nutrients from the soils - Has a dream for a free India Interwar Period - WWI resulted in a huge interest in protecting the environment - Killing on a mass scale was seen as a result of industrialization and technological advancements - Nazi’s say they will protect the land and environment in the country - Once in power go on massive campaigns to industrialize the land - In the Soviet Union the Marxists believe if they government controls the land it will not be extracted for profits - Lenin is seen as an environmentalist - Once in power he pushes for industrializing the country Post War Japan - Minamata, Japan is a small fishing v
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