In the middle ages, knowledge was translated between Islamic empire, byzantine empire, India.
Catholic church faced 2 challenges
Enormous population of Christians in asia, latinAmerica
Educational instituitions establishment
Wrote many books, some of them on science
Defended the authority ofAristotle.
Built a global world of knowledge
Matteo Ricci was a Jesuit science priest.
Galenic medicine didn’t help.
Chinese has their own medicine
They have better cosmology, mathematics
Rejected Copernican system
Better knowledge of geography, geometry…
1592, board of astronomy missed an eclipse
Jesuits tried to dominate astronomy of china.
They wrote treatises in Chinese, introduced trigonometry in china
Jesuits taught tyco brahe system
Their theories became less popular slowly
They were isolated in china
They were unable to change the Christian policies.
They were unable to convert Chinese to Christians
They tend to work as collectors
They became the emperor of spain They discovered new plants, classified them
They had pharmacies
Colonial expansion and botanical exploration:
High mortality rate
Trade was an objective
First museums, botanical gardens were seen in Europe
Gardens were associated with academie des sciences
Bioprospecting is the way to make profits
Tried to found medicines for European army
Royal observatories are international research centres
Naval officers are going to be trained using equipments
Royal observatories also makes maps
Test for Universal Gravitation was done in france.
This means earth should be bulged at the equator and should be seen as an onion.
if we are at different places on the earth at same time,we can calculate distance between earth
and venus and earth a