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Essay 2

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HIST 2070
Norman Smith

Sarah Murphy 0715438 HIST 2070 – Essay 2 Zoroastrianism There is not much that is known about Zoroastrianism, and of what we do know, much is legend or from guessing. Unfortunately, there is no way of knowing what is true of the religion. One thing that researchers of Zoroastrianism know for sure is that Cyrus th the Great, a Persian king back in the mid-6 century BCE was a devout follower and supporter of Zoroastrianism during his time of rule. (Smith, 2013). Cyrus the great took the Zoroastrian beliefs of an ongoing battle between good versus evil where good is victorious and allowed and even helped those religions during his reign. In 331 BCE, Alexander the Great defeated the Persian Empire. In this destruction, the Zoroastrian fire temples were destroyed as well as all of our knowledge about the religion itself was completely destroyed; the only thing that did survive was the “gathas”, the sayings or the religion because followers of the religion had memorized them to use in worship. (Smith, 2013). There are four elements to a religion; this includes material religion/architecture, which includes both external design and interior decoration, dogma/doctrine, which explains the theology behind the religion, ritual, and, religion and society, which describes the relationships between a formal religion and a society as well as the relationship between private home-based beliefs and a society. For Zoroastrianism, the most prominent of the four elements is the dogma/doctrine of the religion. The dogma/doctrine of a religion means the official theology of the religion. This can range from very general and vague concepts, to specific rules and exceptional details Sarah Murphy 0715438 of the religion. The religious dogma/doctrine of Zoroastrianism is the belief of an ongoing battle between the forces of good and evil; this is the central meaning of life in this religion. Zarathustra, an individual who began Zoroastrianism, describes good as life, health, happiness, and growth, while evil is described as chaos, disease, and sorrow. Although Zoroastrianism believes that more often evil will triumph, the final victory will always go to th
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