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Lecture 2

HIST 2100 Lecture 2: Week+2+Terms+and+Concepts

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University of Guelph
HIST 2100
Alan Gordon

Week Two Terms and Concepts American Colonies-population growth 1700-1776, local assemblies and administration, governors’ roles 13 colonies in contrast to sugar colonies “Salutary Neglect” Press Gangs Prime Minister Walpole Rivalry with France-Ohio Valley Seven Years War 1756-63, covers 5 continents, colonies changing hands with non-British populations Britain gains Guadeloupe, Martinique in Caribbean and Pondicherry in India George I/Hanoverian Kings Change in administering new colonies Grenville as Prime Minister 1763 looks to the 13 colonies to pay taxes Stamp Act 1765 War of Independence/ American Revolution 1775-1783 March 5 1770 Boston Massacre Quebec Act 1774 Continental Congress Treaty of Paris 1783 French Revolution 1789-99 1791 France loses St. Domingue, slave revolt Enlightenment values End of France’s “First Empire” its second rises mid 1800’s Napoleon’s puppet kingdom in Netherlands hurts the Dutch Empire 1799 VOC was already out of business Slavery- a pre-existing moral debate in British parliament William Wilberforce Thomas Clarkson 1787 Sierra Leone project- 1808 crown colony March 25 1807 Slave Trade abolished (French had banned it earlier but reintroduced it under Napoleon) Slavery Abolition Act 1833/1843 Amendment Monopolies and Joint Stock Companies Lobbying government for trading rights Give government loans for national debt in exchange Scrutiny of monopolies by Enlightenment thinker ex. Adam Smith David Hume East India Company’s administration with own laws, elected 24 directors and 1 governor annually EIC act as diplomats in British hands-off approach to empire Sepoys-Indian recruits in the EIC’s army, local form of power and governance-make the army look organic-local rulers and castes European Views of the East: “Effeminate India/ infantile Africa” Contrasting the “orient” with home: Mysticism/ superstition v. rationalism Asian decadence/African primitivism v. European advancement Hinduism and Islam anchored in past v. Christianity moral and economic regenerative Analogue of 3 part British history imp
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