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Lecture 3

HIST 2100 Lecture 3: Week+3+Terms+and+Concepts

5 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2100
Professor
Alan Gordon

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Week Three Terms and Concepts Surrat 1611 Powerful Mughal Empire- Architectural boom- Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Amer Fort 1642 EIC base in Madras Many European nations in the Indian milieu EIC only needs to defend the shipping externally, Mughals protect it on land Mughal Rule: Jahangir r. 1605-1627 Shahinshah “king of kings” one sovereign among many. Zamindar system Jagirs Mughals are a Muslim empire, open to religions, Hinduism the major religion Aurangzeb 1658-1707 Conservative ruler, pious, expanded Mughal Empire to greatest extent, campaigning in South, lack of Authority left in North, desire for more princely authority Princes becoming more wealthy, rise up after Aurangzeb’s death Nawabs British forced to trade silver instead of British goods Dynamic Princes By 1660’s Surrat’s factory raided twice Mughals prohibited building defences By 1700 EIC set up presidencies in Madras, Bombay and Calcutta with Forts, people flock to their protection 1661- acquire Bombay, less attention on Surrat and focus on Bombay Bengal 75% of Indian Wealth for the EIC Bengal Renaissance 1756 EIC fortify Calcutta (fear of French in 7 Years War) Nawab Siraj ud-daula- sees fortification as challenge to authority “Black Hole of Calcutta” Robert Clive (1725-1774) 1757 retakes Calcutta, re-secures trading privileges of EIC With local aid of bankers Jaget Seth, wish to put Mir Jaffar on throne Battle of Plassey June 23 1757 British as Nawabs of India- trade in Saltpeter, betel nut, tobacco Mir Kasim 1760 Battle of Buxar 1764 British hold Diwani British official Nawabs of Orissa, Bihar and Bengal British unplanned expansion Booming Indian and British Economy “Nabob” wealth “military fiscalism” 1772 Warren Hastings first Governor General of India – needs to settle finances and chaotic nature of administration First British government in India- vast indigenous population “man on the spot” Trusteeship Orientalism in administration Role of the local “collector” Adopts policies from Mughals Pitt’s India Act 1784/ Board of Control in London Lord Cornwallis- Indian exclusion from rising Civil Service, reforms Lord Wellesley (1798-1805) College of Fort William in Calcutta 1802 EIC’s role as administra
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