HIST 2100 Lecture 1 9/10/2012 9:25:00 AM
- diversity: geographical, people and society.
- modernization: historical development, institutions becoming more
complex and more like society today
- change in continuity: the change of economy, social, etc.
- environment: cultural, economic, nature, what constrains human action
that is beyond our control
1. The Renaissance and Reformation (the end of the middle ages,
cultural/political and economic changes, religious upheaval)
- Europe around 1300 was a very diverse place, there is not a single
- 1000 AD = 1 million people, 1300 AD = 7 million people
- Norsemen began expanding in the 8-11 century, reached North America
- by about 985 AD they were settling in Greenland until the Scraelings ran
- we are talking about the later 2 expansion of Europe
- by about 1300, European societies were changing – feudalism dying b/c of
pop increase, city expansion, increased wealth etc.
- increase trade was bringing in new ideas as well as things like the Plague
- pop dropped from 75 million to 50 million after plague
- Humanism – up until the 1300’s society revolved around the church and it
began to take a turn focus of art and literature towards achievements of
- they began to use the vernacular language instead of Latin