Big names leonardo da vinci, michelangelo, raphael, donatello. End of the medieval period: when wester europe was reborn. Jacob burkhardt: before the italian renaissance, europe was essentially in the dark ages. Charles homer haskins: provided evidence that europe had been reintroduced to classical philosophy and art as early as the long twelfth century: classical architecture and sculpture inspired romanesque art and the beginnings of the. This was all attributed to contact between east and west + social transformations (i. e. rise of towns, surplus agriculture, commercialism, trade) Order of dominicans shows us how ideas moved from the islamic world into europe. !2: religious movements whose leaders opposed this corruption began to form throughout. Beguines: lay religious women in low countries, devoted themselves to lives of prayer, good works w. o taking monastic vows (lived alone, with spouses or communal spaces) Waldensians: poor men of lyon, preached apostolic poverty as a way to salvation or a perfect life.