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Lecture 21

HIST 2200 Lecture 21: Hist2200 Lecture 21 (03.28.2017)

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University of Guelph
HIST 2200
Chelsea Hartlen

Hist*2200 Lecture #21 ▯1 Chelsea Hartlen T/Th 1:00-2:20 Topic - TheAvignon Papacy and Papal Schism Papal Election Pope Benedict XI (r. 1303-1304) Conclave Pope Clement V (r. 1305-1314) Fourth Lateran Council (1215) William of Oakham (1285-1349) Louis VII (France, r. 1137-1180) John Wycliffe (1324-1384) Louis IX (r. 1226-1270) Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373) Philip IV (r. 1285-1314) Margery Kempe (1373-1348) Pope Boniface VIII (r. 1294-1303) Pope Gregory XI (r. 1370-1378) Clericis Laicos (1296) Pope Urban VI (r. 1378-1389) Ausculta Fili (1301) Pope Clement VII (r. 1378-1394) Unam Sanctam (1302) Pope Martin V. (r. 1417-1431) Outline - Relocation of Papacy toAvignon (1305-1377) - Political Criticism - Spiritual Reaction - Papal Schism (1378-1415) Papal Elections (modern day process) - Be a Catholic - Be a Man - Be a Cardinal (first a priest, become a bishop, become a cardinal) - 14th c. road to becoming a pope was not dignified - Late middle ages - Narrative thread: rise and fall of Christendom as a political entity - Catastrophe • Early MiddleAges DarkAges (documents are sparse) • High MiddleAges (Cultural Florescence and Population Growth) • Late MiddleAges (Crisis with demographic collapse - black death) - With catastrophic things people turn to witches to blame for bad thing (black death etc…) 3 Catastrophes 1. Black Death 2. Hundred Years War 3. Avignon Papacy Hist*2200 Lecture #21 ▯2 Chelsea Hartlen T/Th 1:00-2:20 3 Kings of France centralizing and modernizing at a pretty fast pace moving towards statehood (the idea that there is a ruler, household and a government) 1. Louis VII • Went on Second crusade Married to Elizabeth ofAquitane • • Supported young Henry • 2. Louis IX • Leader of the 7th and 8th Crusade Brings France under dominion of the North • • Consolidation of power and territory 3. Philip IV • Avignon Papacy • Publicly defensive • “Philip IV The Fair” • Expulsion of Jewish Communities (b.c. of suspicious changes in weather, wars, disease etc… and are the traditional scapegoats) - Kicked out of England - Anti-Semitic attitudes - Abolishes Knights Templar in 1312, eliminating his debt to the Templar - King shouldn’t be telling a Pope what to do (But he obviously was successful) - 1296: interested in taxing the clergy. Clergy is intermixed with secular world, but aren’t supposed to be taxed or governed - If you want to share how the country is run they had to pay for their land as well - Pope Boniface put forth Clericos Laicos (free from taxation) - Response: close all frontiers and prevented metal, jewels, weapons and food from leaving France - Boniface states that the church has an obligation to offer financial assistance during emergencies (not taxing all the time, but sometimes) - Philip IV wants everything his own way - Ausculta Fili (listen to me) warning Philip not to stand on the rights of the Church • Rather than delivering this to the people of France, he spun it into this thing that made it seem like the Pope was complicit in treason • 1301 (mistranslates bull purposefully to make French people angry) 1302 (Unam sanctam - one faith) • Relocation of Papacy toAvignon - Pope Clement V (1305-1314) - Philip IV (1285-1314) Hist*2200 Lecture #21 ▯3 Chelsea Hartlen T/Th 1:00-2:20 - Boniface excommunicates the King who sends soldiers to kidnap the P
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