HIST 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Carolingian Art, Pope Zachary, Sorus

35 views3 pages
Published on 4 Feb 2015
Department
Course
Lecture 5 – September 23rd 2014
The Carolingians
Feudalism and the Stirrup
Emerged in France in the 8th century
Response from the Franks
Political system
Increased use of horse
Pepin the Short – King of the Franks
Brunner (1894) – Carolingians fight on horseback
Bloch (1939) – 8th Roman nobility replaced by new class
oLand exchanged for services
White Jr. (1962) – Feudalism a military necessity
oKey interventions: stirrup and pommel
oNew technology was the reason behind feudalism
Pepin the Short and the Donation of Constantine
Holy Roman Empire rivals the Byzantine Empire
Kingdom of Franks founded by Clovis – King is Pepin
Merovingian
oClovis (481-511)
First Merovingian
oChilderic III (743-751)
Last Merovingian
Carolingians
oCharles Martel (742)
Operates as king – although doesn’t call himself king
Palace Mayor
Fights tours
oPepin the Short (751-814)
Consults pope Zachary
Pope anoints Pepin King of the Franks
Thanks the pope by conquering lands of Northern Italy held by the
Lombard’s
Gives land to the Papacy
oCharlemagne (768-814)
Rules as king of the Franks (son of Pepin)
Said to be a “true” warrior
Legends and stories
Germanic Kings
oMilitary Support
oProtection
oPrestige
Church Hierarchy
oMoral justification
oCommunity membership
oPolitical alliances
Coronation of Charlemagne
Built on the strategy of Clovis and others
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.