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Lecture

lec.mar.20.2012.rtf


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2200
Professor
Christine Ekholst

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Lecture March 20th 2012
Today:
-courtly culture
-cultural & societal change
-1100-1300
Knights & Aristocracy
-military service
-knight -> mounted warrior, aka man on a horse
-social class but very diverse in wealth
-some are very rich some are very poor
-they are tied together through culture
-courtly culture
-they are a united group
-hereditary Principle (1350-1400)
-nobility
-they are landowners
-they make a living out of what they already have
-difficult
Holy Roman Empire (german part)
-ministerials
-seen as one order within German society
-1300: hereditary nobility (with two groups)
-unfree (serfs)
-could only sell land to their lord or other ministrels of that lord
-could only serve one lord
-these two things meant that they could only be loyal to one lord
-could only marry with the lords permission
-decentralized character?
Castile (present day Spain)
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-Hidalgos
-Caballeros villanos (city horsemen)
-Cortes (representative assemblies)
Chivalry
-moral and social code of behaviour
-aristocratic honour
-honour can be lost
-military prowess
-loyalty
-generosity and display of wealth
-courtly culture
-courts --> cultural centers @ the time
-jousting and tournaments (youtube clip)
-king demonstrates his power through knights
-literature --> most connected to CC
-social events, read alound together
-Troubadour/troubaritz (southern france) -- > person that wrote about these events
-Trouvere (northern france)
-different genres
-Chanson de geste (song of heroic deeds)
-Song of Roland
Romances
-chivalrous themes
-arthurians knights
-love
Fabliau
-lower social groups
-in fact: likely produced in the same milieu as the romances
-comedy with sexual content
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