Class Notes (811,047)
Canada (494,460)
History (1,238)
HIST 2800 (60)
Lecture 5

History Lecture 5.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
HIST 2800
Linda Mahood

HIST*2800-01; Feb.13/13; Manhood Pg. 1/4 Lecture 5 - Tonight we are looking at youth o Adolescence and risk-taking behaviours, family, work Proletarianization of Parenthood: The Indian Residential School - In Marxist theory, the proletariats are the workers o Bourgeois are the bosses Clash of Culture, 1600-1800: - Christian tradition - Sex lives of Native peoples were “savage” - ‘Heathen-friskiness’ o European fur traders wrote this in their journals  Viewed Native’s activities as sexual - Impunity and immorality - Gross sensuality - Europeans saw Natives as savage, didn’t understand their culture o Noticed things such as cross dressers, polygamy - Europeans had a sense of cultural superiority over Native people o Thought the best thing for Native Americans was to convert them to Christianity and save their souls - Nudity was considered sinful to European Christians First Nations and European Settlers: - Parenthood serving the needs of the state - First Nation’s family shaped by economy and colonial relations - Child-rearing shaped theories of child development - Monogamous marriage was imposed on Native Americans by European settlers Three significant Canadians regarding social policy: - Edgar Ryerson - Duncan Campbell Scott - Clifford Sifton - Indian Act wanted to settle Native Americans down (prevent their traditional migratory ways) and have children educated in school rather than following their parents on hunting expeditions o Replace traditional ways of educating children o Wanted to have the schools teach children instead of the parents - The schools these children would be placed in would be residential or boarding schools, not day school o It was thought that the lessons learned during the day would be erased when the child went home to their family - The Chief only had control over whether a teacher was Roman Catholic or Anglican-Protestant - The idea was to use schools to convert children - 2/4 - In the 1920s, Scott said that the best thing for Canada was to continue educating Native Americans until there were none left o Essentially wiping their culture out Traditional Shuswap Life: - Children learned through watching their parents - First Nations’ kids were integrated o Participated in everything alongside their parents - The Grandmother o In many cases, the grandparents did the real hands-on parenting when the parents were gone/working - The Oblate Brotherhood o To civilize and Christianize o Roman Catholic order o Settled into B.C with missionary zeal o Missionaries wanted the Natives to stop migrating so they could build churches to Christianize and civilize them Spare the Rod and Spoil the Child: - From child-rearing theories of original sin and infant depravity to Locke’s ‘malleable’ clay - ‘…Indian Child was a product of sin and the soul needed saving…’ o ‘Justified harsh, punitive and authoritarian practices to break child’s will…’ - Missionaries had a hard time seeing anything good in Native family structures (or poor families as well for that matter) Pseudo-family Institutions: - Ideals and values of the family or family life (the culture) could be reproduced in non-familial settings - Inside the Indian Residential School, staff replaced the parents as the primary socializers of children - Pseudo-family of the institution would be superior to the real family of the students - Basic curriculum for Native children in residential schools o It was felt that the Native children didn’t need to be given a great education because they probably wouldn’t use it - The real values of the school were actually obeying authority (the hidden curriculum) o Punctuality o Discipline o Obedience o Submission to authority - Many of the missionaries thought they were genuinely helping Native children - Children were taken from parents and put into these schools o It was law - Students stayed in the school from June to August o Children were rounded up with trucks that came and collected kids once a year - Prohibited from speaking t
More Less

Related notes for HIST 2800

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.