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Lecture 6

HIST 2800 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Higher Education, Talcott Parsons, Achieved Status

3 pages83 viewsWinter 2013

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2800
Professor
Linda Mahood
Lecture
6

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HIST*2800-01; Feb.27/13; Manhood Pg. 1/3
Lecture 6
“I Spelled Marriage_”M-I-R-A-G-E”:
- Written by company (Lysol)
- Article about feminine hygiene problem
- Probably written closely after the end of WWII
- Aimed toward a housewife
o Mentions that Lysol can be used to “guard your family against infection”
- Women at this time would have gone to the experts over their problems
o It was seen as backwards if a women went to friends, mother, mother-in-law, sisters for
advice
The 50’s: The Way We Never Were
- The North American 1950’s family saw themselves as ideal/living the ideal life that the world
envied
- People were domestic and family-focused
- The 1950’s housewife was made to feel guilty if she didn’t do everything herself (cooking,
cleaning, child-rearing)
o Very different from Victorian women who had maids look after their children and clean
- Media talked about how women could be completely useful in the 50’s
o Women worked in munitions family, on the land, in the air force
- War showed how easily the gender division could be altered or changed
o Also showed how men could be easily immobilized to leave their families and go to war
- When the war was over, it was time for people to settle down
o The media reconstructed the image of domesticity and the proper role of men and
women
The women as soft, sweet, and feminine
The men as reliable
o Men couldn’t be unemployed so women returned to the home to be housewives
- The notion of The Cold War and fear of strangers, spies, and communists were big in people’s
mind
o People were encouraged not to trust strangers
o Family was supposedly the only place where people were genuinely safe
Welfare state:
- Government has the responsibility for the well-being of all its citizens: ‘from the cradle to the
grave’
o Unemployment benefits
o Family allowance
o Income supplements for the poorly paid
o Old-age pensions
o Comprehensive medical care
Made it easier to have children
o Free education
State-paid-for education
o Public housing
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