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Lecture 5

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University of Guelph
HIST 2800
Linda Mahood

HIST*2800-01; Jan.30/13; Manhood Pg. 1/5 Lecture 4 MIDTERM INFORMATION: - Essay format o Given three choices, write about one  1) babies, 2) parenting and 3) sexuality o Required readings: Marie Stopes and Lloyd duMause - Cunningham chapters 1-3 inc. and 7 inc. - D’Emilio and Freedom, chapters 1-4 inc. and 8-11 inc. [Chapter 11 is an important chapter] o Use info from these sources in your essay From Butch-God to Teddy Bear - A lady was an Elvis fan - Lady born in 1953 - Was an Elvis addict by the age of 12 o Bought all his records and saw all his movies o Spent time discussing Elvis facts and trivia with other Elvis fans - She said she felt her relationship with Elvis was personal (just between her and Elvis) o Spent a lot of time in her room  Seen as okay by her parents since a hobby was viewed as a good thing • In reality however, for her, it was just an excuse to spend time away from other people/spend time in isolation - Went to University and became a feminist o Elvis was not a part of feminism - She now rejected everything that had been close to her heart as an adolescent o Feminists saw Elvis as a super-macho guy who was a “butch-god” - In 1977, she was shocked to find out that Elvis had died o She hadn’t thought about him in years and now that he had died, she couldn’t stop thinking about him  Felt like she had lost a part of herself - She tried hard to theorize and understand her past relationship with Elvis o Viewed old scrapbooks and listened to old records  Felt like old memories of a good friend - She realized she never fit in well as an adolescence o Her relationship with Elvis filled a deep gap in her life - Elvis was a way of being different - Elvis was a human being she could relate to because he was different o A non-threatening guy - “Her” Elvis was a teddy-bear Elvis o He was outside the norm o Not an oppressor but a liberator - She was a lesbian teenager - Elvis had “broken out” Sexology: Beyond Reproduction 1890 vs. 1920 vs. 1950 2/5 - Robert and Helen Lynd (married sociologists) o Called Muncie, Indiana -> Middletown o Did a study in 1942 on Middletown about social institutions (family life, religious beliefs, social life etc.) - Study noticed that sexuality was changing all aspects of social institutions - In the 1890s, private or intimate life has been referred to as a “cult of domesticity” The Cult of Domesticity: Late-Victorian Marriage: o Duty and obligation  Love did not necessarily play a part • Assumed the two people would end up falling in love • A good match was the most important aspect o Parents would rather have a daughter stay single and help out at home then get married to a man who was a “bad match” o “Sturdy oak” and “clinging vine”  The man is the sturdy oak and the woman is the clinging vine • “Perfect relationship” o Haven in a heartless world o Personal sacrifice and spiritual union  The woman’s duty was to become a mother • Would “sacrifice” herself to get pregnant and bear a child/children o Separate spheres - Very separate gender roles - Higher education for women was frowned upon o It was believed if women studied too hard, their nervous systems would be negatively affected o The uterus was the “heart of the woman” o However, women were expected to have some education  Could become a governess if she failed to marry and did not have a father or brother(s) to help support her  Women could excel in voice, foreign languages, and a knowledge of geography (just to name a few) Grand Passion: To Keep a Wife: - One true love - Faithful to the memory - Respectable women: Hid these things in their hearts - Had “hopes” o For a good husband, but was “disappointed” - Single women were called “spinsters” Marriage of Convenience: - Divorce introduced in the late 19 century o Women could get alimony - Eventually love matches were becoming more popular than “good matches” Civilized Morality to Civilized Stress: 3/5 - Family parlour or family porch was a place for courting o Not too far from parental supervision/chaperones - Enormous taboos around sexual relations outside of marriage - Sex was not to be talked about WWI (1914-1918) Vets, Flappers and the Lost Generation: - 30 million battlefield deaths o An influenza followed the end of the war - Republics formed over monarchies - War debts and retributions (Treaty of Versailles) -
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