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HIST 3020 (17)


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HIST 3020
Caitlin Holton

Becoming men in pre-modern Britain jan 28 2014th 1. modes of acculturation a. learning to behave i. how do we learn to behave? 1. Families 2. Media 3. Religion 4. Environment 5. School/formal structures ii. Social influences and expectations from social superiors, elders, internalized characteristics iii. Where do we get behavioural models from? 1. Social hierarchy, religion, government/monarchy iv. Those who pray, fight and work (three orders of medieval society) b. orders of society in the medieval world i. oratores 1. 1000 to 1500s a. village priests to monks to archbishops b. largely deriving from the lower aristocracy and above c. opportunity for social advancement d. church held ¼ of lands in the british isles 2. medieval universities a. cambridge 1231, oxford 1254, stAndrews 1413, Glasgow 1451,Aberdeen 1495 b. homosocial environment i. logic and restraint, rationality ii. violence and sexual activity iii. could enter at age 12, 16-17 was average age iv. lots of fighting between men at the university and locals v. records of students engaging in casual sex, prostitution, etc th thvi. fighting back against pacific, chaste ideas 3. 16 to 17 century a. 1530s; dissolution of monasteries in England and wales under henry VIII b. 1560-early 1600s; monasteries secularized in Scotland c. end of clerical celibacy d. end of distinct ecclesiastical model e. universities gained more authority and prestige as the only formal centres of learning, played big role in political world 4. clerics were forbidden from marriage or sexual activity ii. pugnatores/bellatores 1. central to medieval politics, economics, religion and culture 2. the knight was an ideal model of behaviour 3. structured path of apprenticeship 4. chivalric mentality developed through tales and stories; key part of education—improtant role in the psychological development of the future warriors 5. knight in warfare; medieval tournaments; early modern duels 6. some were trained in fathers households, but later would be sent away to someone who was responsible for training them 7. the ‘knight’became less militarily relevant 8. the way you prove your manhood changed, in tournaments (aggressive, public), duels 9. nobility became less explicitly tied to these abilities iii. laboratores 1. vast majority was peasants 1000 to 1350 2. most heterosocial of the orders 3. divided into free and unfree (unfree villeins required their lords permission for activities like marriage, travel, sending children away for education or training) 4. nuclear style family 5. marriage in early 20s 6. literacy was low, but people weren’t stupid 7. villages would have a priest that educated on religious and secular matters 8. stories and songs are performed and shared orally 9. from 1350 to 1650 a. period after the black death saw significant and widespre
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