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Hist 3300 Lecture4week2.docx

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HIST 3130
Ashley Mathisen

Hist 3300: Lecture 4 Week 2 Britain 1785-1850  Massive population explosion  Urbanization  Industrialization The French Revolution: rd  1789: estates general convenes, one of the estates separates ( 3 ) to create the National Assembly o They set about creating a revolution o Peasant revolt  1789-1792: the First revolution: the National assembly abolishes the nobility, monasteries, and convents and attempts to establish a constitutional monarchy  1792- 1799: the second revolution: radicals gain control and over the 50, 000 people are executed with the guillotine  1799: Napoléon overthrew the government and ended the revolution o Napoleonic wars start between Britain and France o Defeated at the Battle of Waterloo British Radicalism:  William Woodsworth and Samuel Coleridge initially supported the F.R as the dawn of a new age  But by the 1790’s, the revolution was dividing the British popular opinion  Edmund Burke believed the Revolution could only result in anarchy  Thomas Paine held a different view The Fear of Revolution:  1793-1794: people were scared of the reign of terror, guillotine, and executions  led to a repressive atmosphere  1792: royal proclamations that banned “tumultuous meetings” and “seditious writings”, freedoms of the press was curtailed  1794-1801: Habeus Corpus was suspended and suspects could be held in prison with trial for several years  the cause just went underground  forced massive reassessment between the citizen and the state  1793: Britain was at war for nearly 25 years and their debt tripped by the end of it, had a huge impact on their economy  renewed understanding of welfare  had major impacts into the future in British Society  encouraged the lower class citizens to have their voice heard  1834: new poor laws The Evangelical Imperative:  from 1730 there was a shift with the British Clergy and they began to split away from the church of England  John Wesely led the movement by founding the Methodist church  Promoted by the middle classes  They called for a massive shift in the behavior of British Society  Campaigned for the control of gambling, prison reforms, and abolition of slavery  Led by William Wilberforce, they managed to put an end to the British slave TRADE in 1807 Industrialization:  The Industrial Revolution occurred roughly between the years 1760 and 1830  CAUSES: o 1) population growth, o 2) agricultural change, o 3) advances in technology, o 4) the transportation system, o 5) liberal environment congenial to entrepreneurs and innovators  EFFECTS: o public concern over child labor, o stratification of labor o drift away from paternalism, o psychological adjustment to the factory clock, o rise of class consciousness, o new freedom from surveillance for women and young people o rich were getting richer and poor were staying the same or getting poorer o class consciousness developed ( trade unions ) o women could now join factory work ( liberating) o combination of both good and bad effects o railway lines were being built, could move good as well as people faster and to different places, more migration Population Growth:  From the middle of the eighteenth century, there was a massive population explosion across England.  Fueled industrialization  Caused by changes in patterns of marriage and fertility (demographic transition) marks the shift from p
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