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Lecture 1

HIST 3130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: List Of Latin Legal Terms, Jane Austen, Old BaileyPremium

2 pages106 viewsSummer 2015

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 3130
Professor
Ashley Mathisen
Lecture
1

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Activity 1.2: Searching the Old Bailey Online
Historical Background
Record an interesting fact for each of the following sections
Searching the Archive
Find and describe one interesting case for each of the following
(Crime, Justice, and Punishment — Crimes Tried at the Old Bailey)
1674-1829  victims could identify and apprehend culprits before
contacting authorities (until the development of the Metropolitan Police);
witnesses were legally obliged to participate in policing
The Old Bailey was responsible for the most serious cases/felony
cases (i.e. Breaking the Peace, Damage to Property, Deception, Killing,
Treason [Offenses against the King/Queen], Sexual Offences, and
Theft [with Violence])
(Home — Search — Offence — Theft, burglary)
Rookewood Rowland Lee, Theft  grand larceny (15 Jan 1675)
- Reference number: t16750115-2
- Rowland Lee; arraigned on felony robbery (3000 pound from his
“master”) and destruction of property
- Lee pled non-guilty; found guilty by a jury; received branding
- Another woman was acquitted as an accessory to the crime
(London and its Hinterlands — Material London)
18th century London was still considered pre-industrial though all sorts
of material wealth were readily available
The Population boomed after the Great Fire (1666) and London had
expanded beyond the Medieval walls by the late-17th century  public
spaces emerged (i.e. Trafalgar Square)
This changed what people stole and where they committed theft
(Home — Search — Offence — Sexual offences, keeping a brothel)
Isabel Barker, Sexual Offences  keeping a brothel (24 May 1683)
- Reference number: t16830524-7
- Accused of turning her house into a brothel for people to commit
“carnal wickedness”
- Found not guilty
- Received sureties for good behaviour
(Community Histories — Gypsies and Travellers)
Gypsies originated in India and were known to travel in family groups
that peddled, performed, and told fortunes  regular migrants in the
winter months; stereotypically known for thieving and dishonesty
Subject to brutal 16th century vagrancy laws (i.e. 1597 Vagrants Act)
which removed one’s place of ‘settlement’ and imprisoned them for a
week
(Home — Search — Verdict — Guilty, manslaughter)
Adam Martyn, Richard Norman Carmen  killing (6 Sept 1693)
- Reference number: t16930906-6
- Accused of killing a child, Jane Austen, as they drove recklessly
striking the girl
- Found guilty, received branding
(Gender in the Proceedings)
Crimes could be gendered (i.e. women committed infanticide and men
committed violent theft)  men were governed by logic and women by
emotions
The types of crimes committed by each sex also governed their
behavior  the creation of separate spheres
(Home — Search — Punishment — Imprisonment, insanity)
Frederick Seyffert  breaking the peace (5 Sept 1833)
- Accused of assaulting a man with a sharp instrument with intent to
kill
- Found not-guilty due to non compos mentis meaning ‘lack of sound
mind’
- Imprisoned for insanity
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