HIST 3380 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Gust Co. Ltd., British Overseas Territories, Griqua People

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Document Summary

Meagre economic returns: britain"s chief interest was the slave trade. European slave trade in coastal regions of western africa: no europeans tried to colonize. Africa; ironic as it"s one of the largest land masses on earth. Slave trade and western triangular trade since 16th century. Humanitarian interests opens up africa to western imagination. Geopolitical and humanitarian interests involve britain and africa. Exploration opens africa physically and psychologically with the discover of waterways. 19th century exploration of africa"s waterways - james bruce and blue nile to ethiopia, 1770. Knowledge benefits imperialism - support of scientific establishment for exploration. African association (1788) becomes royal geographical society (1830): funded mungo park"s exploration of the niger river in 1795; hugh clapperton explored the upper and lower niger. The great debate on source of the nile river: john specke and james grant believed it was. Lake victoria, 1860 and 1863; this was confirmed by david livingstone (just beyond lake.

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