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HIST 3410 September 30 2012 Emergence of Complex Societies.docx

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University of Guelph
HIST 3410
Femi Kolapo

September 30 2013, HIST 3410 HIST 3410 September 30 2012 Emergence of Complex Societies *****October 2 HIST 3410 Workshop: two paragraphs READ UNESCO Volume II - How does the author explain the mergence of ancient Egyptian, Nubian & Axumite states: o Great economic development o Whether need to regulate irrigation or o Unification of state under Thinite kings together with the development of writing made it possible to coordinate the regional economics by rationalizing basic construction work and ensuring the organized distribution of food o The development of transport was one determining factor in the progress of the Paranoiac regime - What does the concept of “complex societies” mean? o Interaction with east Asia through trade o Metal work and agricultural developments therefore more trades o Development of paper and textiles o Politics and civil servants - What were the social and political significance of religion in ancient Egypt o The temple authorities and high officials exercised power of patronage through their control over food resources o Animals played a large role in peoples diets and every day life through their interpretation of the gods - What major trend/s do you identify in the political history of Egypt o Pharaonic law stressed the/ was resolutely individualistic o Men and women were equal before the law - What are/ is the most significant source/s for reconstructing the history of the early states of north east Africa and why***** o Archeology and written work Emergence of complex societies - Rise of complex societies- what some have called civilization o With villages and towns in intensive interaction o Social differentiation advanced (racism) o Specialization in occupations o Concentration of power and of wealth o Emergence of states Pharaohnic Egypt - First instance of the emergence of complex society in Africa & one of the earliest anywhere - (Kings in Egypt many centuries before the title of pharaoh was applied) - Old Kingdom: 310- 2180 B.C.E. o 2180- 2080 B.C.E (1 intermediate period) - Middle Kingdom: 2080- 1640 B.C.E o 1640- 1570 B.C.E (2 intermediate period) - New Kingdom: 1570- 1090 B.C.E Factors in the rise of Egypt 1 September 30 2013, HIST 3410 - The agricultural revolution o Allowed for centralization and development o Were able to adapt to the weather and be able to deal with it - Population increase o Cultural revolution  Allowed centralization of populations  Population concentration or sedenterization  Hydraulic (water etc. was developed to deal with the increase in societal concentration.  Metallurgical revolution  In
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