HIST 3640 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: New Idea, Bourgeoisie, Bethlem Royal Hospital

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Hist3640 the birth of psychiatry and the moral treatment. Madness is no longer a socially acceptable term insulting for patients, and archaic medical term. From 1800-1960 the term was not used reclaimed by foucault ( folie ) Psychiatry changed in the 19th century psychiatrists made arguments for the legitimacy of their practice. Pinel came after the french revolution and is famous for removing his patients from their physical chains. Psychoanalyses was seen as a great triumph in the fifties being able to. Michel foucault, histoire de la folie (1961) Thomas szasz, the myth of mental illness (1961) and the manufacture of madness (1970) Argues that mental illness does not exist psychiatry is an invention of psychiatrists looking for professional advancement (motivated by self- validation) The reason society accepts psychiatry is because it helps us rid society of the. Psychiatry is a pseudo-science (equivalent to alchemy or astronomy) Klaus doerner, madmen and the bourgeoisie (1981)

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