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HIST 3660
Jennifer Bonnell

Lecture 3 September 24, 2012 Family class and social discipline  Assistance you could get was temporary if anything  Transients are evidence of how easy it was to be forgotten by the government  Conservative reformers blamed the poor for their plight…drank too much, couldn’t work etc  Saw this as a question about individual choice and behaviour  If they asked for charity they had to work for it, forced to do work that was just made…smash rocks  Reform the individual rather than reforming the individual  Sexual purity movement, temperance movement  Self reliance and a focus on moral aspects these reformers talked about  Not about changing policies in the war years did we start to see the welfare state  Reforming the inidivudal could not prodouced a reformed society  Power of the state needed for deep and long lasting change  1871 and 1920 urban dwellers 15-50%  Horrible slums poor sewage systems awful infrastructure  The end of the 19 century Montreal largest city  Infant mortality rates highest in the western world  Aims wrote a book emphasized the city below the hill and those on the high terraces  Frecch irish below, English and Scottish above  Below one green space, no running water, pop density double than the cities average  As late as the 1920s children born into Montreals wealthy families higher length of living  Mortality rate due to bad milk about 50% of the milk shipped was unfit  Brought together a group of experts and social experts progressors journalists, union organizers womens rights activists, and church leaders  Scientifically manage the domestic enzviroment, create healthier and better citizens  Church both catholic and protestant huge impact on life protestant began the social gospel movement  Wanted to harness Christian ideals to combat poverty and poor living child welfare, concerns about immigrant communities, day care and education  Women were active in the progressive era and the social gospel  Womens movements began as proxys of male movements and eventually there own society  Offer job training for girls  Womens Christian temperance union 1874 founded  Womens institutes another place 1897 opened in Stoney Creek  Tried to train them in nutrition and sanitation  Lays the foundation for womens suffrage in 1914 Public health reform  Health professionals were among the early helpers for a welfare state  A large movement towards hospitals, and huge expansion in the number of hospitals th  In the early 20 century through new understandings of disinfection more safe hospitals  Governments began to see hospitals as needed federal health founded  Worked with provience for STDs child care etc  Provincial and public health sections greatly increased  1937 rural counties in Quebec with public health 86 per 1000 child mortality rate  120 per 1000 with no public health  Pulic health was one area of reform that saw signifigant improvements in peoples health they had milk inspectors who would destroy milk  Mothers and children there was a sense of the family i
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