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HIST 3660 (3)
Lecture 4

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University of Guelph
HIST 3660
Jennifer Bonnell

Lecture 4, sexuality and gender identities  Canadian has have set separate gender roles  By looking at different societies and how they change these roles aren’t natural they are socially built and maintained  Ideas are cyclical and things like the cult of domesticity have a way of emerging decade to decade  Gender in the preindustrial period  Separate spheres  Bourgeois ideals (owners of property)  Male public spaces over female private spaces  Female or male meant different moral responsibility  Male or female a different way of being human  Before the 19 century women could go in the public sphere  Rise in the 1840s changed social areas such as taverns  Pre industrial age women would go as travellers, visitors or could be the wife of a tavern owner or owned their own  Typically went for public sociability (women)  Women did not go to taverns alone went in male company  Were encouraged to use women entrances only  Were pushed upper class women were to use the parlour  Different from the male space of the tavern  Removed from the street a bit further  Provided a more private area  Roberts calls the parlour a third social sphere  Women were encouraged not to do things in public, eat fish, wear white gloves  Roberts says tavern owners in small towns ran by women  Weren’t anti domestic women would warm children by the tavern fire  Working class women frequented taverns  Had greater movement in the mens said of tavern compared to higher class as they were scared  Fails to talk about working class black and native women  Generalizes this time  Separate spheres were in its own time very conservative idea that many people didn’t agree (some historians believe)  Roberts shows us the paradigm of the separate spheres had an influence, evidence architecture and how women were worried about how the appeared in public space  Rise of the Flapper  Women dressed agroneously in some what boyish fashion shorter hair etc  Listened to jazz wore make up excessively, drove cars, drank, and smoked  Engaged in casual sex  “flapper” English slang for a young wild teenage girl  1918 women received the right to vote  1936 the average Canadian went to 12 movies a year  Many movie plots focused on romance educated people on sexual roles  Rudolph Valentino (the Latin Lover) movie stars are beinginning to gather high level of attentions 1895-1926 died suddenly many fans showed up to his funeral  Quebec censorship removed burgluray unpatriotic images, sex, etc  Many other proviences did the same  New mass culture was corrupting the younger generation  Because youth had little money film makers did not yet target them
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