LING 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Canada 2011 Census, The Brady Bunch, Canada Revenue Agency

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5 Aug 2017
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Family Relationships
Wednesday, December 16, 2015
11:38 PM
Definitions of family
Legal
Related to family law concerns
Not a def of the family
Each province had legislation about families
Legal def tend to change over time with new court rulings and legislation and also
depend on your field…adoption and marriage
Normative def can define family like if it’s a arrangement that’s socially acceptable
…you could get a divorce but it is seen as wrong (legally recognized but not socially)
Applied context: enforcement legislation laws
Normative
Shared by majority of people in a country or region
Practice or action regarded as socially legitimate and approved
Sometimes legal definitions are out of synch with social norms
Definitions of family have broadened
Applied Context : social norms in a society
Research:
Derived form;
A social theory
A social problem
A hunch
Must be measureable...how to measure negative outcomes
Context: research design and theory development
A basic Definition
A group of people who share a legal bond or a blood bond is a family
Types of Families (many of these fall into two categories)
Nuclear Family
Parents and their children living in the same home
Close bond with each other because they live together and interact everyday
Extended Family
All relatives that are in close proximity
Grandparents aunts and uncles all live and share one res\ joint or multiracial family
Complex Family
3 of more adults + their children
Polygamy- no legal bonds b/w the adults
Step Family
The adults have divorced and remarried (The Brady bunch)
Adopted Family
Shares legal bonds but no biological ones
An example of a foster family
Statistics Canada
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Census Family (Statistics Canada, 2007)
A married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses)
A lone parent of any marital status with a least one child living in the same dwelling
“Children” include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents
present
Problem with Household definition:
Not all family members live in the same household, people in your household might not
be family (res roommates)
A couple loving in a common law relationship (with or without children of either or
both spouses)
May be of opposite or same sex
Household vs. Family/ process based definition
Process rather than form defines family
Families are not marriages of home or rules. Families are people who share intimacy
because they.... share experiences that come...to make up their uniqueness the
mundane, even silly, traditions that emerge in a group of people who know each
other....It is this intimacy that provides the group for our lives (Moore-Lappe, 1985)
Vanier Institute (2010)
Any combination of two or more persons who are bound together over time by ties of
mutual consent, birth and / or adoption or placement who, together, assume
responsibilities for variant combinations of some of the following
Physical maintenance and care of group members
Addition of new members through procreation (Adding a child by birth) or adoption
Socialization of children (take off your shoes at the door)
Social control of members
Production, consumption, distributions of goods and services (dinner vacuuming, sense of
love)
Affective nurturance love
Inclusive Definitions
Marriage and families seen as private, voluntary social groups or relationships
Not social institutions
Represent our social reality of diversity
Emphasize the important of familial feeling or a family like situation
Family of choice vs. Family of Origin
An individual cannot choose their family of origin but they can choose their family of
choice. If you feel like your orgin family is not good you can choose work fam school fam
friends
Defining Family
2 Common Methods:
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Demographics
E.g. Census / survey
Pick up changes in who is living in a single household
Genealogical
Considering the family structural history
Might have people in your family that you aren't close with
Changes in the number of children born and couples
The former modern family
Nuclear family- means modern in the old times this was seen as a traditional modern family
Father, mother, and children living in one household
Family of origin
Family of procreation
Still majority of people have nuclear
Today’s Postmodern Family
Binuclear Family
Two households- cannot go far from family because all households are shared
Blended Family
The Extended Family
Kin
Affiliated kin
Postmodern Canadian Family
Statistics Canada 2011 Census
67% married couples
Decrease
17% common law couples
Increase
16% lone parent
Increase
What is Common-law?
Canada Revenue Agency (2014)
A person who is not your spouse, with whom you are living in a conjugal relationship, and
at least one of the following situation applies
Living with you in a conjugal relationship, and this current relationship has lasted at least 12
continuous months
Parent of your child by birth or adoption; or
Has custody and control of your child and your child is wholly dependent on that person
for support
Postmodern Canadian Family
42.4% of couples were same sex
Up from 2006
2006 to 2011
First 5 years of legalization of same sex marriages
1 of every 3 same sex couples were married in 2011
Postmodern Canadian Family
More diverse families
Children 14 and under
o 64% lived with married parents
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