What is popular music?
Heard by majority
Can have longevity; depends on the era (e.g. Michael Jackson’s “Thriller” or Elvis Presley)
Can be an element of a larger social culture
Must be commercially successful
Easy to relate to
Can be an element of nostalgia, if it has longevity
Constantly evolving, never frozen
HMV- His Master’s Voice dog listening to record (picture)
Fans are Caucasian (white)
Blue collar working class
Rappers are black
Distributed along racial, gender, socioeconomic….
Timbre – color of sound; poetic
E.g. bright, mournful, delicate, smooth, raw
Tempo – speed
Homophony – there is one important melodic line and all other parts act as a company
Polyphony – there can be more than 1 important melodic line occurring at the same time
Polyrhythmic – more than 1 important rhythmic line
E.g. in Latin American music (rumba, pasa doble)
Beat – recurring rhythmic pulse throughout the song
Meter – recurring accent within the beats of a song
1. Simple – just one recurring pulse. Can be in duple pattern or triple pattern.
Duple simple (2/4 or 4/4 time).
Triple simple (3/4 time)
2. Compound – 2 meters going on at the same time. 2 meters stuck