Red Scare-USUS was suspicious of unions and disliked Canada’s socialism.
Blues and country valued authenticity – lower class.
Tin Pan Alley valued polish and romantic love.
Lower class music was marginalized and wouldn’t carry country music. Makes economic sense for radio
to target middle and upper class; sell ads.
To play Tin Pan Alley at home you had to be able to play an instrument if you couldn’t get it on the
radio. Music was mainly written as sheet music.
Main stream at the time (Early 20 Century)
Tin Pan Alley
Music of Irving Berlin, Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosby.
Style was homogeneous
Tin Pan Alley Common Elements:
o Form: [A A B A]
o Verses usually tell a brief story and chorus reacts emotionally on story (commentary).
Chorus was designed to be “the hook”, catchy.
o Song must not be controversial, most are love songs.
o Songs consciously avoid the issues of the day i.e. no songs about racism, women’s’
rights, trade unions.
o Songs would sell fantasy or impossible forms of romantic love.
o Vocalist accompanied by full band or orchestra.
o There wouldn’t be slang or vulgarisms (they are part of blues and country).
o Singers are mostly trained
Over the Rainbow – Judy Garland with Victor Young and His Orchestra
o Timbre: round, soft, soothing.
o Follows form (structure) [A A B A].
I’m Sittin’ on Top Of The World – Les Paul & Mary Ford
o Over dubbed Mary’s voice
Intertextuality- when one text or work refers to another (i.e. Toy Story 2 Forrest Gump)
I may not be a smart dog, but I know what road kill is – Slinky
I may not be a smart man, but I know what love is - Gump
ASCAP- American Society of Composers, Artists and Publishers.
Formed in 1914 as copyright organization
Protected rights for lyrics, etc.
Charged fees to radio stations
Controlled fees for all the music on the air until 1940
BMI- Broadcast Music Inc.
Formed in 1939 (blues and country)
First organization to represent rock and roll During ‘40’s and ‘50’s BMI was an organisation or individual labels and artists while ASCAP was
BMI music was heard only on regional radio stations in ‘40’s
Country Western Music
Early country western was called “hill billy music” (negative connotation considered the music of
Earlyreligious in nature
Country music is not as homogeneous as Tin Pan Alley.
Country Music Common Elements
o Yodelling (from many European countries)
o Acoustic guitar, st