Class Notes (806,584)
Canada (492,337)
Music (213)
MUSC 2150 (140)

Unit 5 Music.rtf

8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
MUSC 2150
Shannon Carter

Unit 5 - The 1960's Chapter 4 in Covach Text Three important events occurred that helped women's rights: oral contraceptives, or The Pill was approved for use in the United States in 1960 (and in Canada in 1969). This event gave women control over reproduction, allowing them the same sexual freedom as men. The result was that many women began to wait longer before having families, giving them time to access education and start careers. passing of the Equity Pay Act of 1963. The act prohibited wage differences between men and women for the same work. passing of the Civil Rights Act, something equally important to African Americans. Dr. Martin Luther King jr. symbol for civil rights movement. Civil activist who spoke out on racial equity. Spoke out on poverty and Vietnam in the 60's. assassinated in 68. 1964 civil rights act prohibited discrimination based on race, gender ethnicity or religion in schools, government and public facilities. 1965 National Voting Act removed the requirement to pass a literacy test to vote, allowing many low income disenfranchised black people, immigrants and poor whites to vote. Society didn't change overnight. Black Panther Society formed in 1966. Demanded an end of police brutality against all colours, eventually expanded demands to ten-point program with socialist elements including guaranteed minimum income, employment and national health care. Also called for end of Vietnam war and all other foreign wars. Was militant and often involved with police but inspired change: influenced integration of blacks on the police force, and instituted a free breakfast for children program that was extremely popular in 1969 feeding 10,000 children a day Environmentalism becoming issue - pesticides Consumer protection movement All of these factors raised doubts about previously accepted beliefs concerning American life and culture The Beatles and the British Invasion 1964 appeared on Ed Sullivan show, reaching a record breaking 73 million viewers becoming a household name overnight - performance was so popular the crime rate went down that night Beatles success created a fad altering the music business by affecting musical style and music-business practices First became popular in the UK and British pop music scene in late 50s British Pop in the Late 1950s and Early 1960s Prior to 64 UK was viewed as secondary force in pop music, UK listeners importing much more than they were exporting British artists more likely to have success at home American dominance product of differences in societies: after WWII, large enthusiasm in Britain for American pop culture since they were exposed to it Teenager - US innovation. Big companies influenced music business in Britain more than in the UK, affecting the way rock and roll was understood by UK listeners Britain had 4 major labels: EMI, Decca, Pye, and Philips, and two radio stations: BBC and Radio Luxembourg these labels licensed music from American majors and indies for release in the UK only one of three BBC channels played rock and roll no independent radio stations, few successful independent labels big business ran the airwaves Britain interested in US folk & jazz music before WWII - after 1945, these styles lived again in the UK and in many ways the UK infatuation of rock and roll was a continuation of the US one Skiffle: a style blending folk music with an up tempo rhythmic feel and American textual themes tuneful easy to play music encouraged participation of British teens Most pressing challenge facing UK music business in this period: how to place more domestic records on the British charts which were dominated by Americans most successful british rocker: Cliff Richard: 27 UK hit singles 1958-1963 backup band (Shadows) equivalent of the Ventures This would turnaround with the emergence of the "beat-boom" a style led by a group from Liverpool The Beatles as Students of American Pop, 1960-1963 Formed in Liverpool in 1957 playing skiffle calling themselves the Quarry Men, moving to r&r when popularity of skiffle fell Had some success locally and won a talent contest for a manager who didn't want to sign them for a feature act, but to use them to support one of his singers on a tour around Scotland played 6 hour sets in which they were constantly being prompted to make a show learned every song they could find to fill the time this period refined their skills played almost 300 shows at the bar they were regulars at, the Cavern Club in Liverpool advantages of being in a Liverpool group: city was a seaport, seamen who traveled the Atlantic brought back American records, giving them greater exposure to new music disadvantage of being in Liverpool: British music business based in London - difficult for groups outside the capitol to gain acceptance by the most important players in the business, especially bands from the working- class north1961 Brian Epstein saw Beatles perform at cavern. Ran record store, discovered through requests from customers. became their manager, worked on cleaning up their appearance Set his sights on a recording contract - secured an audition at Decca London, who ended up signing Briane Poole and the Tremeloes instead Continued to look, found George Martin working for small EMI label called Parlophone, who signed them Rose to 17 on UK charts with "How do you do it?", doing what no other Liverpool band had done Mersey beat: pop music originating in the mid 60s around Liverpool and northwest England Beatle Influences surveying the songs played in their early Hamburg shows provides insight into their influence allowing one to trace their development as songwriters fascinated with American rock and roll Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Carl Perkins, etc Beatlemania, 1963-1966 Began the year by touring for new album By august had 3 more hits on UK chars as well as chart topping album appearances on late night variety shows, for the royal family none of this made any impact across the Atlantic Capitol Records declined the right to issue the first Beatles hit in the US, afraid Beatles would fa
More Less

Related notes for MUSC 2150

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.