-rock music born out of controversy, rebellious image always
appealed to fans.
- mid-1950s, adults accustomed to fatherly crooning of Bing Crosby and the suave,
shocked by Elvis Presley’s blues-influenced singing and suggestive dance moves.
-Teenagers, of course, loved him.
-Beatles’ moptop haircuts upset parents in mid-1960s; setting fashion trend among
youngsters. -Rock pushed boundaries of what was accepted
-artists: Jim Morrison, Alice Cooper, David Bowie challenged cultural
values in late ’60s early ’70s,
-Madonna and Prince in 1980s.
- Issues such as payola , obscene lyrics have been focus of federal government
-only small portion of rock source of controversy or cultural struggle, nonconformity +
misbehavior central to the rock movement.
- rock’s frequent (and sometimes militant) opposition to status quo, some people surprised
to learn colleges and universities offering courses in rock
- music historians look back on last century, obvious popular music played enormous
recent development of Western musical tradition,
-rock music has been dominant among popular styles.
-Even music historians whose focuses on other genres and decades must take
into account many and often farflung effects rock has had on world of
-Despite acknowledged importance of rock music, determining definition of “rock”
constitutes/ means is difficult .
-Some scholars use term “rock and roll” to describe first wave from 1954 to 1959
-Others describe music after 1964 as “rock.”
-Using these distinct terms preserves many scholars and fans see as an important
difference. -book will employ the term “rock” in broad sense, however, using
term to designate popular music that is produced specifically for a youth audience.
-more encompassing usage still problematic includes seeming contradictions.
-Is rock defined by race, or musical style, or specific musical elements, such
as instrumentation or lyrical content?
-Can 1960s soul be considered rock? How about folk or rap?
-Is all pop also rock, is all rock also pop?
-how do we think about rock music after its musicians and audience have
-Few argue artists : Elvis Presley, Beatles, Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, Led
Zeppelin, Police, and U2 central to rock movement.
- artists like the Supremes, Madonna, and Kingston Trio harder to
-book will tell history of popular music focuses on rock but includes other styles.
-chapters that follow consider rock in inclusive manner, discussing artists
-main purpose : enormous body of music that covers over fifty years of popular-music
history—to make it easier to understand and appreciate.
-Today more popular music available to listeners than any other time in history of
- Subsequent chapters organize music into styles and eras to make rock repertoire
easier to understand and appreciate, = provide broad stylistic and historical
ELEMENTS TO CONSIDER
Rock History in the Media.
- most fans have had some exposure to background information on artists and music.
-those who havent studied rock as academic subject, historical information probably
have come from general interest publications, radio, television, or Internet.
- Magazines : Rolling Stone and Mojo provide readers information about rock musicians,
their music, aspects of entertainment industry.
- Books targeted at general reader—often written by journalists and music critics—
plentiful and varied.
-Cable networks like VH-1 and MTV offer profiles of artists styles,
-frequently taking larger historical patterns into account.
- development of classic-rock radio format in early 1990s encouraged growing sense
of rock’s history, along with time-tested oldies format which has existed for decades.
-Be aware, however, scholarly approach will differ significantly from
-many cases, information found in popular media designed primarily for
entertainment rather than educational or research purposes.
-Some of this information may be accurate, well researched, and balanced, but some
also skewed, gossipy, and unreliable.
-magazines and broadcast stations generate revenue through sale of advertising;
-worst thing in such businesses : people to put the magazine down, change
radio station, turn off the TV.
-best interests of media outlets : deliver what they believe people want most,
-lead to focus on more sensational and titillating aspects of biography, rather
serious consideration of musicians and their music.
-textbook will attempt to provide a balanced fair account of history of rock music.
-more artists and groups enter story than typically appear in general interest
-Some more important in their day than since.
-Others become more popular over time..
-following chapters : provide reliable information, historical context, and informed
-book in hopes will elicit informed discussion of contested issues in rock, like :
relevance of popularity to historical importance, role of gender and masculinity in rock’s
history, and responsibility of music executives to share profits with musicians.
I Know What I Like: The Fan Mentality.
-fans of rock passionate about the music they like.
-what does it mean to be a fan?
-Fans listen frequently to music of a particular artist, group, or style gather
facts about both artists and music.
- As fans, absolutely nothing wrong ignoring artists, groups, or styles that do not
-But as students of rock music, cannot simply ignore music we do not like.
-must strive to be balanced as study rock’s history and development, often
forces to consider carefully music probably wouldn’t choose to listen to
- If studying American history, wouldn’t be acceptable to study only presidents who
shared your political persuasion.
Rock music born out of controversy, rebellious image always appealed to fans. Mid-1950s, adults accustomed to fatherly crooning of bing crosby and the suave, shocked by elvis presley"s blues-influenced singing and suggestive dance moves. Beatles" moptop haircuts upset parents in mid-1960s; setting fashion trend among youngsters. Artists: jim morrison, alice cooper, david bowie challenged cultural values in late "60s early "70s, Issues such as payola , obscene lyrics have been focus of federal government. Only small portion of rock source of controversy or cultural struggle, nonconformity + misbehavior central to the rock movement. Rock"s frequent (and sometimes militant) opposition to status quo, some people surprised to learn colleges and universities offering courses in rock. Music historians look back on last century, obvious popular music played enormous role in recent development of western musical tradition, Rock music has been dominant among popular styles. Even music historians whose focuses on other genres and decades must take into music.