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September 18th & 20th 2012 - Nutrition 2050.docx

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NUTR 2050
Jess Haines

Tuesday September 18 2012 Summary of Last Class  Levels of prevention  Federal health promotion o PHAC. Health Canada o Sodium Reduction Task Force  Provincial Health Promotion o Ministry of helath and long term care What is emerging adulthood?  Phase of the life span between adolescence and adulthood  Approx ages 18-15 years  Theory presented in the journal American Psycologist  Transitional Period Leading to Adulthood” o Markers of transition to adulthood 1) completed education 2) left parental home 3) full time work (financial independence) 4) life partner 5) children Why this new life stage?  Increased attainment of higher education o Gains in educational attainment means completing education at older ages o Increased number residing with their parents o Age of parenthood  % of mothers that are <24 years of age  1979: 40.7%  2004: 20.6% Characteristics  Don’t see themselves as adults  Time of identity exploration o Work, love, worldviews, lifestyle o Experimentation  High level of transition o Residential status, school attendance o Hallmark of this life stage How different than young adulthood?  Young adulthood: age late 20s-40s  More stable  More likely to have achieved key markers of adulthood  Self identity as adults Brain Development  Executive Suite  Involves following tasks o Calibration of risk and reward o Problem solving o Prioritizing o Long term planning o Self evaluation o Regulation of emotion Brain development in emerging adulthood  Changes to prefrontal cortext: o Mylenation: more extensive myelination of nerves in this area of the brain = more efficient signal transmission o Synaptic pruning: nerve connections are pruned back = more efficient Overall Health and Wellbeing Socio-ecological model  Individual: time of identity exploration independence; Thursday September 20, 2012-09-20 Summary of Last Class  Emerging adulthood: transitional period leading to adulthood  Relatively new concept  Ages 18-25  Result of various cultural/societal forces  Key characteristics  Brain maturation Growth Emerging Adults  Continue to develop bone density until approx. age 30  Muscular strength peaks Primary Goals in Emerging Adulthood  Reproduction (next week)  Support an active lifestyle  Maintain physical status o Maintain a healthy body weight o Prevent cardiovascular, cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes Dietary intake among emerging adults  Fast good intake is highest  High consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages  Low intake of fruit and vegetables o 6% of university or college students have 5 or more servings per day  Low milk intake  High salty snack foods Influences on diet: lifestyle  Research study: 1,687 emerging adults, aged 18-23  35% of males and 42% of females lack time t sit down and eat a meal  Eating on the run associated with o Increased sugar sweetened beverage o Increased fast food o Increased total fat and saturated fat o Decreased fruit and vegetables  Compared to students living on campus, those that lived with their parents or in rented apartment houses had: o Increased fast food intake o Decreased fruit and vegetables o Decreased whole grain o Living on campus = better dietary intake Influences on diet: Living Situation  Eat with others (roommates, friend, significant other) o Increased fruit and vegetables o Increased milk Influences on Die: food Prep  Among emerging adults, approx.. 44% of males and 56% of females report making meals weekly  Common barriers: o Too busy (36%) o Insufficient money (24%) o Inadequate cooking skills (20%)  Food preparation o Increased fruit and vegetables o Increased whole grains o Decreased fast food Influences on diet: Significant Other  Women with a partner with health promoting attitudes and beliegs o Increased physical activity o Increased fruits and vegetables o Decreased obese/overweight  Men with a partner with health promoting attitudes and beliefs o Increased physical activity Influences on diet: marketing  Males aged 16-29 often main target of fast food industry  Fast food late nigh, “fourthmeal” o “you’re out, youre hungry.
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