SELF -D ETERMINATION T HEORY (Deci & Ryan, 2002)
- THEORY OF MOTIVATION
Not the environment, very individual and personal
Macro-level theory, “large level”
- 2 MAIN MIN-THEORIES
Make up larger theory
o Organismic integration theory
o Cognitive evaluation theory
Cognitions, thoughts, feelings; motivations.
O RGANISMIC NTEGRATION T HEORY
- 6 types of motivation
- Autonomous versus controlled behaviours
o Autonomous; self-control over your behaviour
o Controlled; your actions are dependent on other peoples opinions
1. E XTERNAL REGULATION : (externally regulated behaviour)
o Least self-determined behaviour, much more controlled.
o To get external reward
I.e. with children, to please parents by participating in sports that parents are
excited about; praise, attention, feedback
o Satisfy a demand
Doing it for external forces/reasons
I.e. Your physiotherapist making you do exercises to get your knee/injury
back in shape. Doing it to comply.
2. I NTROJECTED REGULATION :
o Controlled motivation
Doing it for external reasons, but you are taking those pressures and imposing them
onto yourself (internalizing them). May feel guilt if you do not.
o Sense of guilt or obligation
I.e. taking your pet for a walk, taking social pressure/obligation
3. I DENTIFIED REGULATION:
o More autonomous behaviour
o Achieving personally valued outcomes
Some external, but you are making a little more choice.
Things that you value; lose weight, improve appearance
4. I NTEGRATED REGULATION :
o Moving into autonomous motivation
o Most self-determined extrinsic motivation
o Doing behaviours because of consistency