NUTR 3210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Vitamin B6, Riboflavin, Biotin

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Always essential: vitamin a vitamin e vitamin k vitamin c thiamin riboflavin niacin biotin pantothenic acid folate vitamin b-6 vitamin b-12. Either as prosthetic groups (tightly bound to enzymes) or coenzymes (carry e. g. thiamin, riboflavin, vitb-6, vitb-12, vitk, niacin, biotin, pantothenic acid, folate, vitc. Metals acting in a similar fashion to prosthetic groups, providing required e. g. iron containing proteins participating in redox reactions. Traditional - fat soluble vitamins, water soluble vitamins, minerals. Group i: micronutrients which control type ii steroid hormone receptors and have major global health implications. Vitamin d (plus vitamin k, calcium, phosphorus, & fluoride) Group ii : micronutrients that work together in oxidant defense. Vitamin c (also niacin, riboflavin, copper, zinc, manganese) Group iii: micronutrients that act as enzyme cofactors. Group iv: iron, copper and zinc; related divalent cations. Group v: the rest of the essential minerals. Hope we get them all done! (but we probably won"t)

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