Class Notes (810,042)
Canada (493,931)
Philosophy (708)
PHIL 1000 (35)

October 15.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
PHIL 1000
John Russon

1 of 2 October 15/2013 PHIL*1000*0106 Introduction to Philosophy Early Modern Philosophy- 1600's Context Greek culture spread all throughout the Roman Empire. For almost a thousand years, the culture that was developed in ancient Greece was the dominant culture in the west. Modernity was marked by the rise of the capitalist economy, scientific revolution, modern democracy. The rise of Christianity was also occurring in Europe at this time. Christianity was translating its religious authority into political power. The inquisition was a special institution of the church charged with defending orthodoxy. Used torture to try and determine rather people were truly religious or not. June 22, 1633: Galileo confesses before the church - he was a major figure in the transforming of history, yet he renounced everything he believed in front of inquisition to avoid torture/death. Descartes and Galileo were both founding figures of new scientific positions at the same time. Both were in positions of controversy though, because the catholic church had already established its views. Sublunary world: underneath the moon The scientific revolution looked at biology, gravity, laws of attraction, how bodies operate according to rules of matter and energy etc. Biology was no longer accepted as grasping the real nature of things, but doesn't really explain what the causes are- the causes are physical. Looking for the most basic causes of what makes the natural environment around you appear the way it does. The big idea of the scientific revolution is the experimental method - questions, designing systematic investigation, use of an apparatus Descartes o First meditation  He saw many false opinions  Knowledge is based on reason - has to be justified, true belief  He wanted to look at the question of justification and figure out what it means to know something  He was looking for the criterion of knowledge: what is the principle that is the justification of knowledge  His question was if your senses are the criterion of truth - is what you receive through the senses adequate to justify something? Descartes says no  Experiences could actually be dreams, so the simple fact that you take yourself to be seeing a body is not a guarantee that you are 2 of 2  He said even if he's dreaming, something's are still t
More Less

Related notes for PHIL 1000

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.