PHIL 1010 Lecture Notes - Microsoft Powerpoint, Patriarcha, Age Of Enlightenment
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John Locke 1632-1704
• Second Treatise of Government, 1689
• Important is establishing liberal thought ... classic liberal.
The Patriarchal Power of Kings
• Robert Filmer, Patriarcha 1680 - wrote book in defence of patriarchal power.
• Kings inherit the authority God granted to Adam at Creation, Adam is the
"father figure" and has power and authority. When he dies, others take
over and inherit that power.
• Defends the right of kings to exercise absolute authority over their subjects.
God's will on earth. By making laws you are doing God's will.
• Monarchs didn't see themselves as serving the people, but rather serving
• **GET QUOTES FROM POWER POINT**
Relationship of Government to Governed
• Patriarch - "father"
• An authority, tell you what you can and cannot do.
• In a position where they need help, cant make decision. Not a self-directing
• A father over his children?
• A lord over his slave? <------- All of these positions have a position of
authority over another person whom is in a degraded position
• A master over his servant?
• Unequal relationships. Government is in a higher authority and not just in a
position of demand but ACTUALLY superior that the people it commands
• Children, slaves, servants are all people who do not have full power to
determine their ends, their futures, their interests.
The Essence of Locke's Liberal Response
• People are naturally equal
• Political states originate with the people
• State of nature account - created by consent
• Not created by divine fiat; or by privilege
State of Nature
• ** GET QUOTE FROM POWERPOINT**
Individual is the Bottom Line
• Cultures, communities and states are not ends in themselves
• Society is a collection of individuals with interests to pursue
• Agency in a central concept here
• Individual responsibility and self determination
What defines an individual?
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