Sarah Ammendolia Phil 1010 February 3, 14
Lecture 9, Week 4
Classic Marx: “historical materialism’, the idea that the development of human societies
is determined by class struggles, which it itself determined by the development of the
means of economic production, and the inevitable result of this development is the
revolutionary overthrow of capitalism by the proletariat.
On this view historical description of power struggle over who owns what
Descriptive claims: claims about how things are, subject to testing
Ask well has this claim worn out?
If socialism is not inevitable, why is it desirable?
Analytical Marxism: 2 kinds of arguments for contemporary Marxism
Fundamental still is the ideas of labor, class struggle, workers and their capitalist
employers who must be overthrown (since they have nothing to lose but their chains).
Communism as Beyond Justice: Marx himself attacked the ideas of ‘equal right’ and ‘fair
distribution’ as ‘obsolete verbal rubbish’. The problems with justice are: