Class Notes (838,375)
Canada (510,867)
Philosophy (737)
PHIL 1050 (41)
Lecture 13

Lecture 13- Mills.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

PHIL 1050
Patricia Sheridan

Mills Measuring Happiness • Happiness is something we can quantify: measure • Jermy Bentham, originator of utilitarianism, specified: -Intensity, duration, certainty or uncertainty, immediacy, and its extent -That is, the number of people who will be affected by it • Bentham’s calculus: sum up the number of persons affected and the number of persona affected and the pleasure that will result; sum up the pain that will result to individuals and the degree of that pain • Kant- people are end’s in themselves and so can’t take David’s life The number count • The rightness of an act is measured by the degree to which it brings about happiness, or reduces pain. • So, an act calculated to make one or two people happy is good, but an act that brings about the happiness of one hundred people is more morally praiseworthy • Many people volunteer in community projects -But what makes Mother Theresa a hero? -Numbers and magnitude of good. Moral requirements • Kantian view: always required to act out of good will and its valuing of others as ends in themselves -Don’t lie, don’t steal, don’t cheat • Utilitarian view: always required to act such that the greatest overall happiness or freedom from pain is achieved -No categorical imperatives acting with a view to outcomes What is morally required? • Moral acts are those that promote a better kind of life for the greatest number -Or diminishing pain to the greatest degree possible • Creating happiness or reducing pain is the fundamental requirement of morality • This doesn’t mean that gluttony or licentiousness is a moral requirement • Morality requires bringing about the greatest amount if happiness,
More Less

Related notes for PHIL 1050

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.