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PHIL 1050; Week 8 Notes.docx

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PHIL 1050
Paul Raymont

PHIL 1050: Week 8 Notes 10/29/2012 9:30:00 AM th October 29 , 2012 Religion - Mackie trying to show that the fact that there is evil it rules out the traditional idea of God Ethics and Morals - Western development of theories - Utilitarianism: greatest good for the greatest amount of the people - First figure out what are the most good, the best things - Right action is the action that will result in the best, most good consequence - Don’t think of past issues, primarily focus on future things and expected or probable consequences - Bentham believes that utilitarianism provides the most happiness and the least suffering - Bentham believed that British laws should be based on moral reasoning, not religion - Happiness over whole population PHIL 1050: Week 8 Notes 11/22/2012 7:22:00 PM November 2nd, 2012 Utilitarianism - Motion of rights, basic human rights - Rights have to be given utilitarianism reasons Deontology - Rule-based ethics - Kantian – created by Kant - According to Kant, we should always treat humanity never solely as a means but always also as an end in itself - One interpretation, there is a stress on humanity as person (a fetus would not be considered as a person because it does not have a moral status) - Individuals who are free and rational beings - We have a capacity for rational self reflection and can therefore make free choices - Do not use people as tools or instruments to achieve goals - To treat a person as an end is to respect them as capaci
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