PHIL 1050 Lecture Notes - Noble Eightfold Path, Kantianism, Deontological Ethics

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23 Nov 2012
PHIL 1050: Week 8 Notes 10/29/2012 9:30:00 AM
October 29th, 2012
- Mackie trying to show that the fact that there is evil it rules out the traditional idea of God
Ethics and Morals
- Western development of theories
- Utilitarianism: greatest good for the greatest amount of the people
- First figure out what are the most good, the best things
- Right action is the action that will result in the best, most good consequence
- Don’t think of past issues, primarily focus on future things and expected or probable consequences
- Bentham believes that utilitarianism provides the most happiness and the least suffering
- Bentham believed that British laws should be based on moral reasoning, not religion
- Happiness over whole population
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