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Lecture 2

PHIL 2280 Lecture 2: PHIL2280- Week 2
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2 Pages
98 Views
2017

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2280
Professor
Omid Payrow Shabani
Lecture
2

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PHIL2280- Week 3
Joh Locke’s secod treatise of goveret:
State of perfect freedom, a state of equality, the equality of men by nature
(teaches all men to be equal and independent)
Even in the state of nature, humans know the moral law, which is
reason. It teaches us that we all are free, equal, and independent and
that no one should violate another in his life, health, liberty or
possession
o The condition of men living together according to reason,
without a common superior on earth is the state of nature
The natural law implies natural rights with corresponding duties.
Among these rights, Locke emphasized particularly the right of private
property
o Locke said that the right to private property precedes the civil
law, for it is grounded in the natural moral law
o The justification of private ownership is labor
o The limit: as much as anyone can make use of before it spoils
Paternal power- children are not born in this state of equality and are
under the power of the parents
Political or civil society
o Political society is obtained when subjects have given up their
natural power, and transferred it into the hands of the
community in return for the protection that the law provides
o Locke puts great emphasis on the inalienable character of
human rights, and this led him to argue that political society
ust rest upo people’s coset
Of the ends of political society and government
o Men desire to leave the state of nature is the preservation of
their property
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Description
PHIL2280 Week 3 John Lockes second treatise of government: State of perfect freedom, a state of equality, the equality of men by nature (teaches all men to be equal and independent) Even in the state of nature, humans know the moral law, which is reason. It teaches us that we all are free, equal, and independent and that no one should violate another in his life, health, liberty or possession o The condition of men living together according to reason, without a common superior on earth is the state of nature The natural law implies natural rights with corresponding duties. Among these rights, Locke emphasized particularly the right of private property o Locke said that the right to private property precedes the civil law, for it is grounded in the natural moral law o The justification of private ownership is labor o The limit: as much as anyone can make use of before it spoils Paternal power children are not born in this state of equality and are under the power of the parents Political or civil society o Political society is obtained when subjects have given up their natural power, and transferred it into the hands of the community in return for the protection that the law provides o Locke puts great emphasis on the inalienable character of human rights, and this led him to argue that political society must rest upon peoples consent Of the ends of political society and government o Men desire to leave the state of nature is the preservation of their property
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