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Lecture 5

PHIL 2280 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: For Marx, Class Conflict, DialecticPremium

3 pages43 views2017

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2280
Professor
Omid Payrow Shabani
Lecture
5

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PHIL2280- Week 5
Marx and Engle’s communist manifesto
Earlier philosophers tried to understand the world while Marx tried to
change the world
The Communist Manifesto is divided into four sections:
1) The history of class-struggle from the Middle Ages through the rise of
bourgeoisie to present class situation of modern capitalist society
2) The relation of communist movement and the working class is
explained and defended against a variety of criticism;
3) Justifiatio of h Mar ad Egle’s ie is a etter aout of
communism than other socialist theories, and
4) Explaining the internationalism of communism
Marx account about how the world develops has three characteristics:
1) The notion that there is only one reality, and this can be discovered
as the embodiment of rationality in the world
2) The recognition that history is the process of change from less to
more perfect forms in all of reality, and
3) The lai that hua eig’s thoughts ad ehaior is based on
the spirit of the époque, which is dependent upon the relation of
production of socioeconomic formation
Marx believes that historical development is based on the antagonism
of the oppressed and oppressor classes. The view of history as a
movement caused by conflict in the material order is called historical
materialism
Historical materialism divides history into five stages:
1) The primitive communal society
2) Slavery,
3) Feudalism,
4) Capitalism,
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