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Business Ethics Notes.docx

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PHIL 2600
Scott Schau

Business Ethics Notes: People or Penguins- William Baxter  Need to what we are aiming for in regards to environmental issues; pollution control  Wants a standard, more clarity  Solutions to problems of human organization: People can do what they want as long as not harming others, waste is a bad thing (limits on resources; should not be wasted), Treat people with dignity (not tools to further our own interest), Incentive for people to do better (basic needs met).  Criteria oriented to people (not penguins- DDT example)  Objection: why so human oriented? Is undeniably selfish but need to start somewhere  People may need to worry about animals and ecosystems because what we want depends on them. What is good for people (clean air and water) is good for animals as well.  Only humans can act collectively (vote and interact)  You cannot determine the interest of every individual animal  There is no “right” or morally correct” state of nature; meaningless questions so no answers  How we ought to behave strictly for humans  Limited amount of resources to go around, use them to get what we want  What do you want more? By minimizing harm to penguins using resources that we could use for what we want.  Optimal level of pollution: weigh the difference between what you want and what is environmentally friendly  We as citizens need to find a better way to make resources efficient Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues- Peter Singer  Nonhuman: livings things other than humans; mostly animals not plants etc.  Protect species from extinction  Right of action depends on the pain and pleasure it will have on everyone  Directly: nonhumans interest need to be regarded, indirectly: baxter view, only humans matter  Everyone’s interests should count equally including nonhumans; nonhumans can feel pain and pleasure, intelligence does not matter (infants example)  Equal pain, equal consideration; if someone needs to be sacrificed, it should be the one who suffers less ie. Human and dog, dog should die  EXAMPLES: Pest control is immoral because cause suffering to animals, timber industry doing way more suffering to animals because dangerous to environment  Meat Industry: cause most suffering by eating animals, there is no need to eat meat. Case 10.5 Whistleblowing….  Sort of disloyalty  When people are more controlling, more trouble people get in  Whistleblower ( analogy for a sports game)  Accusation: like calling a foul, accuse a particular person, gather a lot of reaction from team( who you’re supposed to be loyal too)  Dissent-intended to benefit public, check your facts before speaking out,  Breach of Loyalty- minimize it  Accusation-ethical concerns of fairness, what is the public best interest  Reducing bias and error in making decision if you should blow the whistle- once your wrong, can’t go back  Justify disloyalty, whistleblowing bad unless can justify it  Tension: employee struggle between protecting public good (i.e pollution) or loyalty to company, get your facts right before whistleblowing (have good reasons, use right channels, support to superiors), balance these views out Whistleblowing and Emlpy. Pg. 380 (Duska)  Poor view of whistleblowing  Focuses on if whistleblowing permissible  Why do we need justification  Thesis: how does one have an obligation of loyalty to their company  Employees do not owe companies loyalty; no conflict with whistleblowing  Lo
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