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University of Guelph
Political Science
POLS 1150

1 POLS 1150 - 01 Imperialism Wednesday September 18 2013 • Westphalia sovereignty did not apply to the rest of the world • two types of imperialism: Sphere of influence - naval power, using that power to force trade, etc. The Dutch and Chinese used this primarily • Colonialism - official administration of colony. Transplanting of Europeans as settlers and occupiers. Canada is a great example of this • formal colonies field upon which the European state system honed rationalist and liberal ideas and strategies • countries who colonized others, they gained many skills of imperialism and markets, and an economy that would otherwise not have happened • European bureaucratic methods improved - colonizers gained from this- increased economic opportunities • strong nationalisms was created in the European states, and got rid of European undesirables • also invigorated European society, and gave more responsibility for women in the colonizing country - a single woman could be beyond a wife, a mother, a nun, but rather as a missionary • they went to teach women in the colonized country how to be wives and mothers • colonies were administered and so did not inherit functioning Western legislative institutions except in settler states where European settlers sought democratic institutions • however, colonialism established a juridical state which was taken over by indigenous population after independence • juridical state: legal entity, with administrative and taxing power, currency and international recognition by other states The Philosophical Basis of the Western State ClassicalAntiquity 2 • there is a fixed divine (ideal) order • idea nature of hierarchy and harmony - it all fits and it all functions very well as long as you can realize that material life must be ordered through the divine order • reason, not the myth of the gods, leads to knowledge of the proper order • Plato stands against the mindset of the gods - he says it s trough reason and argument that one can come to find what is what should be, and what is going to make the harmony in material life • politics is the pursuit of the good the proper ordering of material life Plato's Philosophy • material is only a pale reflection of the real ideal • form must be given to the material life - forming equated to the masculine • material is the receiving form and is equated to the feminine • reason and philosophy lead to the real truth, the proper form
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