Class Notes (809,046)
Canada (493,505)
POLS 1150 (228)
Lecture 3

Week 3 Summary.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
Political Science
POLS 1150
Carol L Dauda

Week 3 Summary Chapter 3 pg 59-61 Thinkers from antiquity: Plato and Aristotle • Plato and Aristotle were active in 4 century BCE Athens • The city-states of this period were: agrarian, pre-industrial societies, dependant on the continued exploitation of slave & many whom were captured at war. • Athens was a democracy- (including women and children in their assembly; 500 people) • Neither Plato or Aristotle were democratic Plato o Philosophy presented in dialogue between noblemen and Socrates o Socrates presented Plato’s position o He challenged the common-sense opinions by rigorous questions- this leads the readers into contradictions o Wants to move his audience from opinion to knowledge o The forms – enduring reality that can be approached only through thought. o Plato’s most famous work; The republic touches upon – THE NATURE OF JUSTICE  Socrates demonstrates the flaw of conventional understanding of justice and says that the human soul has 3 parts: 1. A rational part 2. A spirited or courageous part 3. An appetitive part  Mind over body, intellect over senses  For the city has 3 classes corresponding to the 3 parts of the soul 1. The guardians (the rational class) 2. Auxiliaries(the spirited class)  Justice in the city consists of each class performing its proper function.  Individuals are determined by nature for one class or another  The republic focuses on the raining the guardians must go under. (They will eventually become philosophers and then rulers) o Plato’s theory of society = NOT COMPATIABLE WITH DEOMCRACY o One of his lasting achievements was the academy – founded to provide education for those who would become rulers. Aristotle o The most famous student of Plato’s o Non-platonic features of Aristotle’s politics: o The value of family life o The pursuit of health and happiness o Property o Respect for public opinion o Most important: THE ART OF THE POSSIBLE. o Believes everything has a tellos – an end purpose to which it strives o In both his ethics and politics Aristotle is concerned with how people realize the telod that is uniquely human o The concept of citizenship is central to Aristotle- to be a good citizen you must fulfil the telos of being human. o Aristotle considers whether we should be governed by the wisdom of wise rulers or by the impartial neutrality of laws Chapter 3 pg 64-66 Thinkers from the Mediev
More Less

Related notes for POLS 1150

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.