1What is Political Science?
The systematic study of politics2
What is politics?
• Human beings are social, living in communities, societies, nations
• and necessarilypolitical
• politics is the exercise of power
• A social group whose members reside in a specific locality, share government and have a common cultural and
social heritage; OR
• A social, religious, occupational or other group sharing common characteristics or interests – the business
community, the Muslim community
• In the modern political sense it is a general term used to refer to large groupings of people collectively
associated but loosely, as individuals, as in mass society; a society can be made up of many smaller
communities either identified by locality or common characteristics and interests.5Nation:
• Group of people sharing a common language, history and culture.
• An inclusive term that refers to the territory, the people and the enduring government structures of the state and
infers common nationality, including history, customs and language(s). The term is associated with the
historically specific European formforged in the period of European modernity and denotes a certain patriotism
• The enduring governing structures including the constitution and institutions that delineate authority over a
particular territory and population
• Centralized authority with the legitimate power of coercion (Max Weber: a monopoly over violence)
• Power over coercion. Takes over that function; only legitimate if the state uses it.
• Mostly refer to the nation state when talking about the state.
▪It can be used to the sub nation unit.
• Refers to a particular group of persons directing political affairs and holding the prerogatives (rights and
privileges) of the state at the present time the government of the day
• The bureaucracy: offices and agencies that carry out policies, programs.
• The political aspects of a state including fundamental or constitutional rules and relationships embodied in
• That mode of government that we catergorize differently.
• What is regime change?
▪A fundamental change.
• A set of rules!
11Coercion, Cooperation, Consent
•Coercion and violence
•Power is usually mediated by relationships of authority
•Politics is the exercising of power, most often through relationships of authority that imply legitimacy and
•Authority is mediated power
12Max Weber’s ideal types of political authority:
To understand how we got here. Whats the difference in the authority types.
13Ideal types of political authority
•Source of authority: custom, tradition (people who can actually make decisions)
• Ex. Monarchy, first nations, the catholic church.
•Position held by ascription (whatever you are born into you’re)
•Inequality (this is an unequal system PEOPLE ARE NOT EQUAL)
•Little mobility (very minimal change)