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School
University of Guelph
Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 1150
Professor
Carol L Dauda
Semester
Fall

Description
10/23/2013 1Representative Democracy  How Do Electoral Systems Affect Representation in Liberal Democracies? 2 • Why is representation so important?  –Liberal democracy is a representative democracy – the only answer.  • The issue of representative autonomy –Edmund Burke on the autonomy of the representative (trusteeship) •What is representative autonomy? •What is the responsibility of the representative? –A delegate? 3 • How limited is representative democracy? –Representation by population –Do we really have a choice when we vote? •Is politics dominated by a political elite? •How large is the district/constituency: can you be heard? •Urban/rural constituencies •Gerrymandering  4 Electoral formulae Majoritarian (SMP/FPP) (SMM) • Single member districts • District Magnitude = 1 • Proportional (PR) • Multi­member Districts • District Magnitude > 1 5Single Member Plurality/First Past the Post 2 4 • 200 150 210 6 • 2011 results (308 seats) • CPC    NDP     LP    GR    BQ • Seats       166     103     34    1       4 • % Seats   53.9    33.4    11   .32    1.29 • % P V  39.6    30.6    18.9 3.9    6 • Cur Seat  161     100     34    1       4 • 4 independent • 4 vacant (Nov by­elections ON MB QC)  7 • Percentage voter turnout: 8 • Single member plurality (SMP, FPP) –Simple ballot –The problem of disproportionality –Manufactured majorities
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