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Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 1150
Professor
Carol L Dauda
Semester
Fall

Description
28/10/2013 1Political Parties and Representation 2 What is the role of political parties? –Parties are organizations in civil society that: •Aggregate political interests and organize for political power •Put forth an ideological point of view –What are our political obligations and what does that mean for the role of the state? •Manage cleavages –In PR electoral systems cleavages are usually managed BETWEEN parties in coalitions –In Majoritarian systems cleavages are often  managed WITHIN parties • • • 3Party Organization 4 • Functions of political parties are many –Mobilization •Get support for leaders, candidates –Representation •Platform (in campaign) •Mandate (after elected to government) –Administration •Animate the electoral system, political process  • 5 • Historical evolution of political parties –Political parties evolved out of practice not theory •The need to reach out to the electorate after universal suffrage instituted •The organization of material interests, in particular, labour and capital • Organization of power in political parties –Maurice Duverger’s party types according to power arrangements •Cadre •mass  6 • Types of parties: • Brokerage parties –In Canada and US historically managed through party bosses in different regions through patronage th  –Since Mid­20 century manage cleavages by trying to appeal to all voters  •Results in “absent mandate” as argued by Harold Clarke: in trying to appeal to all voters the issues are so  watered down that the real issues do not get a fair debate • 7 • Ideological parties or parties of integration –Operate on ideological principles and are not willing to sacrifice
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