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POLS 1400 (219)

Being Canadian Part 3

7 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1400
Holly Gibbs

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“Issues in Canadian Politics” Lecture 3- Being Canadian III Political socialization “A continuous lifelong process through which political orientation and ideas are learned and obtained.” Shaped by: 1) Family and peers -One of the most influential directors -Role models -Political activism: party participation and voting trends -Direct political knowledge -Social attitudes and personality traits -Ideas of “what you should expect out of life, how you will get it, who is involved” -Social, cultural and economic surroundings (and sometimes how to understand these within broader social relationships -Types of Influences: sporadic, varied and incomplete How might your peers be influential to your political socialization? -Introduction to politics outside your family’s direct participation -Encourage you to participate -Experiences amongst your peers can influence social traits, ideas about fairness, expectations of political activism 2) Education Provides: -Connections to political symbols -Knowledge of political system and history -Consistent daily cumulative knowledge Organizational challenges: -S.93: Education is a provincial responsibility in our constitution Curriculum challenges: -politically motivated/designed -Provincially differentiated highlights of politics (e.g. Lord Durham report) -In high schools, what is mandatory? -Political Science not mandatory in Universities/Colleges 3) The media The media encompasses both those corporations which organize and generate mass information and the mechanisms/technology that enable the sharing of that information. What does the mass media do? -Tells us what to think about -Shapes public opinion -Producers of legitimate information -Acts as an anonymous organism to blame for societies ills Shaping our stories and information: Brooks (2012) offers 5 filters on our information 1. Economic filter -Dependence on advertising (no challenge to consumption/capitalism, broadest audience “infotainment”) -Industry structure and the concentration of capital (Media mergers limit range/voice of news) -Overwhelmed by American media, American popular culture 2. Legal-Regulatory Filter -The CBC -The Broadcasting Act (safeguard, enrich, and strengthen the cultural, political, economic, social fabric of Canada; be effectively owned and controlled by Canadians, broadcast in English and French) -The CRTC (Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission) -Canadian content rules for radio and TV (ex. For every foreign owned channel there must be a Canadian owned channel) -Other regulatory measures (Canadian Film and Television Labour Credits, Income Tax Credit in Print Industry, Telefilm and National Film Board) 3. Technological Filter -The media format shapes what news we consume -TV and Internet = Image-based politics (soundbytes and makeovers, dependence on sterotypes, emphasis on confrontation) 4. Organizational filter -Political news management (photo ops, press conferences) -Experts (voices of the “establishment”) -Predictability (where the crews are is where the news happens) -Visual appeal (television needs pictures) 5. Ideological filter -Whose politics is heard? -What is not considered an issue? -The questions of bias in the media -Left-liberal journalism, Right wing owners? 4) The government Governments inform, educate and propagandize in order to increase public support and loyalty to the state. Advocacy advertising: “Selling ideas as if they were products or services. Used by governments to sustain or change public attitudes concerning fundamental values that underlie social and political institutions.” Q: Is advocacy advertising informing us of government action? Should we be sold ideas? Is it simply campaigning without an election? Examples: -Conservative economic action plan commercials -PC anti-Ignatieff commercials (“He’s not in it for you”) -McGuinty’s Second Career Strategy advertisements -Sponsorship Program: advertisers contracted to promote Canada in Quebec after the “Oui” vote lost narrowly in the 1995 referendum on Quebec sovereignty -Canadian Heritage commercials: Laura Secord, Underground railroad; Superman; Fleming and Time Zones; Great Peace of the Iroquois confederacy Questions to think about… 1. What influences you the most in terms of your political ideas, your ideas about political problems and solutions? 2. Where do you get your news? 3. Whose information do you take seriously and whose do you take as biased? 4. How does the media shape our ideas about who is an important Canadian, what is Ca
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