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Lecture 8

POLS 1500 Lecture 8: Religion and International Relations

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1500
Professor
Andrea Paras

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Friday, October 30, 2015 World Politics Religion and International Relations Why is religion important in international relations? Theories about Religion and International Relations 1. Secularization theory 2. Resurgence of religion 3. Religion never really disappeared Westphalia and the Rise of Secularism in the West The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) Central Europe - A series of conflicts spurred by religious, territorial and financial self-interest - One of the longest and most destructive wars in European history In 1648, the Peace of Westphalia resulted in the following: 1. The sovereign state is the only form of political authority 2. Respect for state sovereignty can facilitate a balance of power 3. Declining authority of religious institutions as the notion of a Roman Catholic empire of Europe, headed spiritually by a pope and temporarily by an emperor, was permanently abandoned SECULARISM: SEPARATION BETWEEN RELIGION AND THE STATE 1 Friday, October 30, 2015 Secularization Theory - Secularization and modernity go hand in hand. With more modernization comes more secularization (Peter Berger) Secularization Through Modernization Traditional: Co
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